However it has been documented that the penetration of vaccina tion is low

However it has been documented that the penetration

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roles in vaccine acceptance. However, it has been documented that the penetration of vaccina - tion is low among people with radical cultural beliefs. Cultural Practices that aid Vaccine Acceptance Despite the various challenges, perceiving vaccination as a social norm is a major driver in the acceptance of vaccines. In particular, subjective norm (the fact that those around you, whom you respect, are being inoculated or having their children immunised) has been docu- mented as playing a vital role in vaccine acceptance. According to a study carried out by Hajj Hussein et al. (2015), the researchers found that most people consent to vaccinations because other people do so and it appears the normal thing to do. Additionally, the study further showed that perceiving family and friends as pro-vaccination, was linked with higher uptakes of vac- cines. Societal norms can also lead to pressure to accept inoculation. From another perspective, social concern, or perceiving immunisation as a responsibility to uphold social wellbeing, was also linked with vaccine acceptance. This, in view of Greenwood, Salisbury, and Hill (2011), ex- plains why some parents show willingness to vaccinate their children. In particular, if adults seen
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Pneumococcal Vaccination 4 that childhood inoculation builds group immunity in a positive light, their choice to inoculate is largely founded on perceived benefit to their children. Furthermore, a culture of trust is essential for the acceptance of vaccination in public health. Trust is a complex relational practice that arises in certain socio-political contexts. In view of Koff, Gust, and Plotkin (2014), trust not only relies on awareness but also on a ‘leap of faith’ that is only possible because some individuals have connections with England’s health practitioners based on familiarity. This familiarity, as outlined by the authors, was pivotal for new mothers making decisions about immunising their babies. Moreover, by perceiving inocula- tion as essential in keeping ‘diseases away’ or ‘not so bad’, were important concerning vaccina- tions. Evaluation of Vaccinations Qualitative analysis focuses on the use of numerical statistics to verify the applicability of a phenomenon while qualitative evaluation uses non-physical aspects to aid in the understanding of the phenomenon’s full implications. In the case of vaccines, these methods are combined to obtain deep and wide-reaching results. Various qualitative and quantitative evaluations can be carried out to look into immunisations as a public health intervention. E pidemiological studies are vital in examining vaccines with a focus on gaining practical understanding to their use. In view of Greenwood, Salisbury, and Hill (2011) , outbreak investigations, screening, case-control studies, secondary rates of attack in clusters or families, and assessment of vaccine coverage are all necessary evaluations in the field of vaccines. These techniques, as stated by the author, provide an easy way of monitoring vaccination projects under conditions of everyday vaccine use. Foremost, the screening method (quantitative) is the fastest and most useful tool for assessing any problems that a vaccine may have. What is required is a realistic approximation of
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  • Spring '20
  • Gust, Plotkin

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