Textile products may be certi fi ed according to oeko

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Textile products may be certi fi ed according to Oeko-Tex Standard 100 only if all components meet the required criteria without exception. A tested textile product is allocated to one of the four Oeko-Tex product classes based on its intended use. The more intensively a product comes into contact with the skin, the stricter the human Fig. 13 Milieukeur ecolabel (Dutch). Retrieved from, Fig. 14 Oeko-tex standard 100 (Austrian Textile Research Institute). Retrieved from, . ecolabelindex.com/legal/ 166 A.K. Roy Choudhury
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ecological requirements it must ful fi ll. Oeko-Tex Standard 100 is found on millions of products around the world in (almost) all retail segments (based on more than 65,000 certi fi cates issued to date). Probably the most widely used textile eco-label is the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 , the label of the International Association for Research and Testing in the fi eld of Textile Ecology founded by Austrian Textile Research Institute. The label or mark states that the textile product or accessory has been tested for harmful substances according to the conditions speci fi ed in this standard. The standard is applicable to textile and leather products. The objective is to market products that do not contain substances detrimental to health. The products have been classi fi ed into four groups according to their contact with human skin: Class I: Products for babies up to the age of 2 years. Class II: Products having direct contact with skin, such as blouses, shirts, and underwear. Class III: Products not having direct skin contact, such as skirts, trousers, and jackets. Class IV: Furnishing and decorating materials. One of the main features of the scheme is the test procedure for chemicals associated with dyeing processes and for dyes themselves. Thus, for each product group, there are limiting values of extractable heavy metals (EHM). Limiting values and fastness properties in the Oeko-Tex Standard 100 are shown in Table 2 . 8.15 Oeko-Tex Standard 1000 To achieve better environmental performance for a company, as well as verifying and communicating it to the public, the environmental auditing and certi fi cation scheme, Ö ko-Tex Standard 1000 (Fig. 15 ), has been developed. The aim of Standard 1000 is an evaluation of the environmental performance of textile sites and products. It also independently documents that certain environmental measures were undertaken and a certain level was achieved. To complement the product-related Oeko-Tex Standard 100, the Oeko-Tex Standard 1000 is a testing, auditing, and certi fi cation system for environmentally friendly production sites throughout the textile processing chain. To qualify for certi fi cation according to the Oeko-Tex Standard 1000, companies must meet stipulated criteria in terms of their environmentally friendly manufacturing pro- cesses and provide evidence that at least 30 % of total production is already certi fi ed under Oeko-Tex Standard 100. In addition, companies must prove that the social standards demanded by Oeko-Tex 1000 are ful fi lled.
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