Paul iii 1534 1549 convened a panel to study the

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Paul III (1534-1549) - convened a panel to study the church - panel reported abuses: nepotism- favoring relatives; simony- paying for church offices; absenteeism- bishops living somewhere other than their diocese; immorality - panel pointed to problems created by the mismanagement of church property - panel proposed not institutional reform, but more discipline with regard to moral reform - wanted to convene a council, but war and politics forced him to delay - place was selected in northern Italy where the council and reforms would take place
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Council of Trent - met on and off from 1545-1563 - thoroughly reviewed the conditions of the Catholic Church - very broad- responded to Protestant changes and the Protestant threat, and worked on reforming and strengthening the Catholic Church - Catholic Reformation was meant to be a reorganization and reformation of Church practice - no doctrinal issues were going to be changed, reforming policies - ended with a conservative church that was uniform and had a clearly defined orthodoxy - opening session only had 31 participants - call for a reform of the Roman curia, especially the financial dealings - condemned simony - affirmed the practice of indulgences and veneration of relics, but formulated strict guidelines for their use in order to avoid the prior misinformation and abuse that occurred - affirmed the authority of church tradition as parallel to the scripture - proclaimed the meaning and number (7) of the sacraments - decreed that marriages between Catholics an Protestants were invalid - endorsed the scholastic theology of Thomas Aquinas- Thomism - much of what Protestants rejected was endorsed by Trent - 2 enduring actions- ordered the founding of seminaries for the education and training
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  • Fall '17
  • Council Of Trent, Protestant Reformation, Pope John Paul II, Society of Jesus

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