17. In lipolysis, what are triglycerides broken down into? Where can the products go? What is glycerol converted into? If ATP is high, where is glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate converted to? If ATP is low, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is converted into what product? 18. What is lipogenesis? What hormone stimulates this process? 19. In lipogenesis of amino acids, what is the first product formed? What is this product converted to? 20. During lipogenesis of glucose, what is glucose be converted to? This product can take 1 of 2 pathways. What are they? 21. What is deamination? What is the product of deamination? What macromolecule is being catablized this way. 22. What is transamination? 23. What occurs during the absorptive state? What hormone stimulates this process? 24. What occurs during the postabsorptive state? What hormones stimulate this process? Which is the main one? 25. In the electron transport chain, energy for the synthesis of ATP is provided by what? 26. What are the names of the 3 complexes found in the electron transport chain? 27. When blood levels of glucose, amino acids, and insulin are high, and glycogenesis is occurring in the liver, the body is in which state? (look at slides at the end of chapter 25)
28. What is glycogeneis? 29. What is glyconeogenesis? 30. What is glycogenolysis? What hormone stimulates this reaction? What enzyme is needed to catalyze the breakdown of glycogen to form glucose 1-phosphate? 31. What hormone stimulates the breakdown of protein into amino acids making amino acids available for the generation of glucose from non-carbohydrate substances? 32. What is the metabolic rate? What is the basal metabolic rate? 33. What is a calorie? 34. What is the definition of the core and shell body temperatures? 35. What are the 4 ways you can lose heat? 36. Which vitamin is needed to make visual pigment retinal? 37. Which vitamin is necessary for proper growth of connective tissue? 38. Which vitamin is needed for calcium absorption? 39. Which vitamin is a precursor to NAD, which plays a role in metabolism?
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- Fall '16
- Lambrini Nicopoulos
- Digestive System, Adenosine triphosphate, Common hepatic duct