Science cannot be spoken in a singular universal voice any single method is

Science cannot be spoken in a singular universal

This preview shows page 28 - 38 out of 53 pages.

Science cannot be spoken in a singular, universal voice, any single method is partial, incomplete. Diversity of representation is neededNarrative analysis allows for systematic study of personal experience and meaning: how events have been constructed by active subjects
Background image
Language in Qualitative Analysis 29
Background image
Language in Qualitative Analysis Two approaches treat language as their central focal point: 1.Conversation analysis (CA) 2.Discourse analysis (DA)
Background image
Conversation AnalysisRoots of CA is ethnomethodology (Harold Garfinkel & Harvey Sacks): the study of “ethnic” (i.e. participants’ own) methods of production and interpretation of social interaction. ethno= peoplemethod = methods this ‘people’ employs in everyday activitiesology= systematic description of the practices of the ‘people’
Background image
Conversation AnalysisIt is a way of analyzing ordinary conversation, focusing on the interactive, practical construction of everyday interchanges.Must be recorded and transcribed for analysis Premise of CA are: 1.Analyzing of talk as it occurs in interaction2.Analyzing to uncover the underlying structures of talk in interaction
Background image
Conversation AnalysisTwo key ideas are central to ethnomethodology (and in turn in CA): Indexicality:Utterances, including pauses and sounds, depend on the context in which they occurReflexivity:Spoken words are constitutive of the social world in which they are located
Background image
Assumptions of Conversation Analysis1. Talk is structuredRules (i.e., turn taking)Details of the conversational interaction cannot be ignored2. Talk is forged contextuallyTalk must be analyzed in terms of context Speech is seen as action3. Analysis is grounded in data
Background image
Example: Notational Symbols of CAWe:ll - prolonged sound.hh - intake of breath(.) – micro pause (less than 0.2 seconds (0.0) - longer pauses (nearest tenth of a second((pause)) – untimed longer pauses [ - overlapped talks] – turns of the speaker< > - talking slower than surrounding talk > < - talking faster than surrounding talk - Talk cut off …………….AND SO ON!!
Background image
Zoe((off camera))worth noting that the two parties are not in sight of one anotherLyn.pth↑ellothe '.pt' is a conventional representation of a slight lipsmack. The up arrow shows a pitch rise; the underline shows slight increase in volume(3 sec)putting the pause on its own line means it doesn't 'belong' to either party (see note 1)LynI'm hereanother underline showing slight increase in volume(.8)more precise timing allows analysis of more subtle effectsZoe(okay)-the brackets show that the word is something of a guess; the dash represent a 'cut-off' sound(1.0)timingLyn((coughs))the double brackets and italics show that this is a stab at a sound difficult to represent anywhere near phonetically((clatter))another sound, this one unattributed(3.0)as aboveZoe(.6)timing againLynhi::the colons show an elongation of the sound
Background image
Conversation AnalysisBOTTOM LINE:Accepting of both epistemological positions: Positivist and Interpretive Accept the stability in language structure within certain interactions Also accept that we interpret what that means to each of us through interactions
Background image
Image of page 38

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture