3 53 udf united democratic front a major anti

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[3]53.UDF (United Democratic Front): a major anti-apartheid organisation of the 1980s. The non-racial coalition of about 400 civic, church, students', workers' and other organisations was formed in 1983, initially to fight the new Tricameral Parliament. The UDF's goal was to establish a "non-racial, united South Africa in which segregation is abolished and in which society is freed from institutional and systematic racism."[1]Its slogan was "UDF Unites, Apartheid Divides.54.COSATU (Congress of South African Trade Unions): a trade union federation in South Africa. It was founded in 1985 and is the largest of the country's three main trade union federations, with 21 affiliated trade unions55.Desmond Tutu: South African Anglican cleric who in 1984 received the Nobel Prize for Peace for his role in the opposition to apartheid in South Africa. 56.Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC): a court-like body assembled in South Africa after the end of apartheid. Anybody who felt they had been a victim of violence could come forward and be heard at the TRC proceedings. Perpetrators of violence could also give testimony and request amnesty from prosecution.57.Cyril Ramaphosa: South African politician and the fifth and current President of SouthAfrica. He became President following the resignation of Jacob Zuma.58.Chris Hani: was the leader of the South African Communist Party and chief of staff of uMkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress. He was a fierce opponent of the apartheid government, and was assassinated on 10 April 1993 59.Mangosuthu Buthelezi: IFP leader, zulu a South African politician and Zulu tribal leaderwho founded the Inkatha Freedom Party in 1975 and was Chief Minister of the KwaZulubantustan until 1994. He was Minister of Home Affairs of South Africa from 1994 to 2004.60.Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP): a South African political organization, established byChief Gatsha Buthelezi, which encouraged a resurgent Zulu nationalism and created aplatform for Buthelezi to advance his political ambitions61.“Third Force”:a term used by leaders of the ANC during the late 1980s and early 1990s to refer to a clandestine force believed to be responsible for a surge in violence in KwaZulu-Natal, and townships around and south of the Witwatersrand62.Boipatong Massacre/Bisho Massacre 63.Eugene Terre’blanche / AWB (Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging): an ultra-right wing organisation led by Eugene Terreblanche, that first came into prominence in the 1970s. It aimed to create a Boer state based on the old Afrikaner republics.64.F.W. de Klerk: tate President of South Africa from 1989 to 1994. In 1990 he opened negotiations with previously banned anti-apartheid organizations. De Klerk was appointed the Second Vice President in President Mandela’s cabinet.65.Democratic Alliance (DA):a South African political party and the official opposition to the governing African National Congress.

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