Martin, Crucible of Zapatismo.pdf

Whom marital status is indicated six had free wive

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whom marital status is indicated, six had free wive 24AGN, Bienes Nacionales, Vol. 860, exp. 4; Vol. 25 AGN, Hospitales, Vol. 73, exp. 2; AGN, Biene This content downloaded from on Tue, 09 Oct 2018 15:47:10 UTC All use subject to
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40 HACIENDA HOSPITAL Manuel de Escalante y Mendoza consid but the creditors showed little interest that the total value of the haciendas amounted to less than the brothers' debts. Two decades later an individual attempted to purchase a rancho belonging to the ingenio, but the brothers and their creditors were for once of like mind and together they foiled the scheme. In 1789, however, Martin de ChAvez, owner of the nearby hacienda Tenextepango, agreed to accept the ranchos of Olintepec and Moyotepec in lieu of payment for over 35,000 pesos' worth of bread, meat and other necessities he had supplied to the brotherhood.26 Ecclesiastical mortmain had ceased to guarantee the integrity of the brothers' holdings, although they remained in possession of their other property until the order's abolition in 1821. Clearly the hip61litos' haciendas fell far short of the familiar image of wealthy church estates. Yet did they function "more as symbols than as businesses," as Womack suggests? Without question the brothers' original intent was to obtain profits from their agricultural ventures. The ecclesiastical corporations who invested in the hip61litos' mortgages shared that objective and showed a hard-nosed, businesslike demeanor when they hounded the brothers to live up to their contracts. By the late seventeenth century powerful Mexico City merchants had also acquired a considerable interest in the hip61litos' haciendas. And what about the "accidental" nature of Hospital's exploitation of the peasants of Morelos? Certainly the hip6litos enjoyed neither the power nor the sophisticated technology of the late nineteenth century planters. Yet to the peasants of seventeenth century Morelos the oppression must have appeared more than "accidental." If the nineteenth-century peasants saw their fate increasingly controlled by remote market forces, their ancestors felt a similar frustration. The decision to "develop" the hip61litos' sugar plantations was effectively made in the Mexico City court of Provisor Andres Fernandez, whose permission the brothers needed in order to mortgage their property. Before granting his approval, Fernandez conferred with sugar brokers and merchants in Mexico City, who assured him that the brothers' project would contribute to the economic prosperity of New Spain.27 Apparently no one consulted the Indians of Oaxtepec, who quickly showed their opposition to the economic development of their region by the Brothers of San Hip61lito. The villagers approached Antonio de 26 AGN, Hospitales, Vol. 73, exp. 2; AGN, Bienes Nacionales, Vol. 136, exp. 26; Vol. 145, exp. 20.
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  • Spring '14
  • AnitaC.Pritchard
  • Viceroyalty of New Spain, Bienes Nacionales, Cheryl English Martin, HACIENDA HOSPITAL

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