Prior to joining the National Forest Commission, Pinchot worked here • Belonged to George Vanderbilt o Pinchot's big client in early 1890 • Huge estate in Montana • Pinchot harvested timber and kept seed trees standing Forest Management Act • Pinchot lobbied congress to keep reserves and open them up for commercial use • National Forest Commission angry at him for doing so • June 4, 1897; act was passed • Public reserve in public ownership o Open to commercial use by private enterprises • Forest reserves had to be used or people would force congress to abolish it • Conservationists weren't happy about it o Lost of pristine land
National Forest Idea • Name change from Forest Management Act Department of the Interior • All land was under this department • Put management of forest reserve under general land office General Land Office • Land office • Sell off public land since 1800s • Administer land laws of selling off public land • Asked Pinchot to manage it o Pinchot believed it to be a corrupt, non-scientific organization o Went back to private practice Division of Forestry • Fact-find organization • Small and didn't do a lot • Director retired and the Secretary of Agriculture asked Pinchot to manage it • 1898: Pinchot took charge • No forest to manage o Had elements to do so if organization grew •
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- Fall '08
- Gifford Pinchot, Pinchot, United States Forest Service, National Forest Commission