Functioning in a specific region or deep brain

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functioning in a specific region), or deep brain stimulation (electricity passes through electrodes in the client’s brain to stimulate activity at a certain frequency and intensity) DIF: Difficult OBJ: 14.1a MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 4, Communication | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 2. Your friend Timothy is seeking help for emotional problems. His therapist uses techniques developed by Sigmund Freud. a. What type of therapy is Timothy most likely receiving? b. Describe two techniques that Timothy’s therapist might use when treating him. c. Discuss one reason why this kind of therapy is considered controversial today. ANS: Answers may include: a. Psychodynamic therapy (or psychoanalysis)—type of treatment of psychological disorders that includes a therapist working with a client through extensive conversations, with the goal of helping the client become aware of how his unconscious processes may be causing conflict and impairing his daily functioning b. Free association—client responds with first thing that comes to mind and therapist looks for signs of unconscious conflicts; dream analysis—therapist interprets hidden meaning of client’s dreams c. Traditional psychodynamic therapy is expensive and highly time consuming. There is little evidence that it is effective in treating most disorders (although some evidence suggests it may be helpful for borderline personality disorder). DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.1b MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 3, Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World | APA Goal 4, Communication | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 3. Inka, a 15-year-old, is in family therapy. a. Describe this type of treatment, including a description of its major therapeutic goal.
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b. How does the systems approach relate to this treatment? ANS: Answers may include: a. Family therapy—inclusion of all members of a client’s family in the therapeutic process in order to heal familial relationships b. The systems approach informs this treatment by providing the underlying context of placing an individual within a larger context. Each person within the family unit plays a specific role and has a specific effect on each member of the family (as well as the family as a whole). Through changing patterns of interaction, family dynamics can change greatly. DIF: Moderate OBJ: 14.1b MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 4. During a counseling session, Lucy says, “My mother is such a jerk. She is always telling me what to do and will not let me do anything I want to do.” Her counselor responds with, “So you feel frustrated because your mother treats you like a child instead of an adult.” Lucy feels understood and is able to discuss other problems she has been having.
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