ways, and so on. If we read well and closely, we can ground ourdiscussions in evidence drawn from the text. When we move from thetext to the author's intentions without also bringing in external evidence,
however, we are simply projecting our own views of what the text meansonto the author. Even if we can call up the author and ask them, as afriend might, what they had in mind when they wrote a certain story, weare not likely to get the answer that we are looking for. Artists often donot analyze their own writing, do not give fully honest accounts, donot fully understand what was happening during the creative process,and so on.The author, to return to the language of Wimsatt and Beardsley'sargument, is not the "oracle"; we must arrive at the meaning of the texton our own."The Necklace" was written by Guy de Maupassant. He studiedcharacter analysis and enjoyed unraveling his characters. He was agreat story teller who was concerned with the actions of the charactersmore than the sentiment of his characters. He relied on his character’sown nature to move the story and create the ending.When Maupassant wrote the story he was trying to convey how thewoman's actions had a cruel effect on her life. He wanted to show thatthe woman had suffered needlessly at the woman's own hands by thechoices she had made.