If we read well and closely we can ground our discussions in evidence drawn

If we read well and closely we can ground our

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ways, and so on. If we read well and closely, we can ground our discussions in evidence drawn from the text. When we move from the text to the author's intentions without also bringing in external evidence,
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however, we are simply projecting our own views of what the text means onto the author. Even if we can call up the author and ask them, as a friend might, what they had in mind when they wrote a certain story, we are not likely to get the answer that we are looking for. Artists often do not analyze their own writing, do not give fully honest accounts, do not fully understand what was happening during the creative process, and so on. The author, to return to the language of Wimsatt and Beardsley's argument, is not the "oracle"; we must arrive at the meaning of the text on our own. "The Necklace" was written by Guy de Maupassant. He studied character analysis and enjoyed unraveling his characters. He was a great story teller who was concerned with the actions of the characters more than the sentiment of his characters. He relied on his character’s own nature to move the story and create the ending. When Maupassant wrote the story he was trying to convey how the woman's actions had a cruel effect on her life. He wanted to show that the woman had suffered needlessly at the woman's own hands by the choices she had made.
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