DSST Intro to Law Enforcement

Secondary activities such as canvassing for witnesses

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Secondary activities such as canvassing for witnesses c.iii. Tertiary activities such as conducting stakeouts c.iv. Interviewing other witnesses
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c.v. Discussing the case with senior officers d. Criminalistic Specialist may be called to conduct a forensic examination of the crime scene d.i. Criminalistics rely on ballistics to analyze firearms and ammunition, projectiles, bombs and explosives d.ii. DNA – major advancement – DNA profiling 94. Case Attrition – only about half of all felony arrests result in convictions a. Increasing cooperation and reducing competition between officers and detectives are two important methods of enhancing the quality of investigative work 95. Internal Affairs (IAU) – also known as the Office of Professional Standards – is to deal with complaints of misconduct against officers 96. Know… a question about what department is directly under the Chief… I said internal affairs ?? a. The method of managing police accountability within the system b. Officers of IAU are generally despised by officers and if questioned offer up code of silence b.i. Code of silence is embedded in police subculture and is a barrier to accountability of police actions 97. “Broken Window hypothesis” – devised by James Q Wilson and George L Kelling a. Wilson and Kelling believed that a broken window symbolized a deteriorating neighborhood and without repair led to eventual decline of an area and increased criminal activity b. This theory made the connection between disorder, neighborhood decay and crime c. Wilson and Kelling believed the police had to intervene at the start of the decline and “nip the problem in the bud” d. The result of community policing initiative which extends the function of policing beyond crime control to include fear of crime, order maintenance, dispute resolution, tackling social disorder, in partnership with the community e. 3 main aims of community reform e.i. Community partnerships – require consultation between police and public, and community cooperation as a means of preventing crime, (example: Neighborhood Watch Program) e.i.1. Also improve negative public perception of the police e.i.2. Changes in the department require the same officers to be sent to the same neighborhoods to develop relationships e.ii. Solving problems e.iii. Bringing about organizational change 98. Problem Oriented Policing - introduced by Herman Goldstein in 1979 – he believed specific problems could be better handled with specific solutions a. Executed through 4 steps also known as SARA a.i. Scanning – for underlying problems, officers asking residents in the area a.ii. Analysis - analysis of information gathered, focusing on the parties to an incident, the incident, community response (perpetrators, victims, witnesses) a.iii. Reponses – refers to the creation of strategies based on the analyzed data a.iv. Assessment - evaluates the response based on detailed feedback and surveys 99. Abuse of Discretionary Power – when officers exercise discretion that is outside of the law and policy
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Secondary activities such as canvassing for witnesses ciii...

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