Mothers predominantly use leave entitlements

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mothers predominantly use leave entitlements reinforces the traditional model of female as primary carer Real solutions a nontransferable individual right (both parents have an entitlement to a specific amount of leave) Does it work? Iceland has the proportionally most gender-equal paid-leave system as one-third of the parental-leave period is reserved for men (13 weeks) led to an increase in the proportion of parental-leave days taken by fathers from3% in 2001 to around 35% Norway 20% of the parental-leave period is reserved for men (equivalent to 10 weeks) fathers take around 13% of leave days Sweden 13%of the parental-leave period is reserved for men (equivalent to 8.5 weeks) the share of leave taken by men reached 22% in 2009 51
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Work family polices that work? Availability of affordable, flexible, good quality childcare services 52
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But shouldn’t women be making babies? High female employment rates and total fertility rates are associated with countries with gender – equitable family polices that reduce gender division in both the labour market and also the home 53
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Overview interesting area because of its complexity have only scratched the surface social norms do affect economic behaviour and therefore the welfare of everyone as researchers it is important to test/challenge our social norms good policy can instigate significant change and sometimes what looks like good policy isn’t and the changes will be minimal equality requires treating people differently where to look first in this massive literature Australian perspective Workplace Gender Equality Agency International perspective OECD 54
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