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willingness to associate with the police .9 FindingsQuestionably there is lacking depth in the guidance and restriction of policies that regulate the use of force in the twenty largest cities in the United States. Such a description is outlined beyond the articulation of the constitution by the United States Highest Court in the Graham v. Connor that highlight the deployment of police force must be reasonable. (48) Policies on the useof police force tend to over-rely on a mere description of the basic statutory standard for police altercations lacking the primarily concern for the protection if its citizen. Moreover, policies essentially fail to entail considerations of fundamental methodologies and rights like force continua (45%), de-escalation (50%), exhaustion of alternatives (30%), proportionality (25%), orcontinuous reassessment (25%). Without regards to the mentioned mandates, the articulation of the use of force policy rather remain insubstantial and lack a guidance principle on which is the correct approach to uphold to reduce casualty and severity in the incidence that prove such. Recommendation
Surname 8The discussions of these policies fail to define the repercussions of force usage that could controlthe excess use of power and provide a meaningful discourse that promotes public health basicallythe psychological impact correlated with the use of force. These policy recommendations are further detailed below.i.The Bare Minimum: Reasonableness and Basic ProtectionsThese policies were based on the objective reasoning as enunciated in Graham. 50 of the Policiesenacted generally refer to the standard set by Graham. A clear illustration depicts the New York Police Department’s force policy states: “In all circumstances, any application or use of force must be reasonable under the circumstances.”51 Fort Worth’s policy on such an occasion states that the : “The use of reasonable force, when warranted, is permitted by law and is an affirmativeduty and responsibility of police officers [Graham v Connor, 490 US 386, (1989)].”52 While police may use the citation as a protection for their acts, the fact that all of the guidelines refer to the citation is unpresidently biased , concerns do arise when the policy citation fails to elaborate the basic standard that describe the quality and quantity of force used . More so, some policies do not further review the Graham standard policies such provides minimal control for officer to understand the extent of the force they can execute 53. While discussing the bare minimal standard, it is quite basic for the enlisted policies to discuss force levels (85%) and resistance levels (80%), which are considerably common components to include in the standard force policy. Such basic are these policies that conventionally they define the extent of force that an officer is able to employ or the probable levels the officers might be willing to face when they are in the line of duty. The Charlotte Police Department policy on the use of force clearly