Having said this both sides in this debate are

This preview shows page 19 - 22 out of 34 pages.

- Having said this, both sides in this “debate” are committed to capitalist markets - They differ only about the best way to make those markets work. - The debate was between neo-liberals and reform liberals, but they showed a number of common assumptions.
o Including the assumption that free markets are ideal. Mill on Liberty Mill spoke a lot about speech and if speech should be restricted out not. Mills research question: - What is the “nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercises by society over the individual” - In other words, how much power should society have over individual action His Hypothesis - “The object of this essay is to assert one very simple principle as entitled to govern absolutely the dealings of society with the individual in the way of compulsion and control… that principle is, that the sole end for which mankind are warranted individually or collectively in interfering with the liberty of action and any of their number is self- protection. That the only purpose for which power can rightfully exercise over any member of a civilized community, against his will is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral is no sufficient warrant” - Essentially people should be free to do whatever they want to do provided that they don't harm other people in doing so - In the individual sphere, this in the area or actions that we should have complete control over, by contrast actions that will affect societies are the ones in which society can compel us and control if we can or can't do something - Mills argues that society does have some claims over the individual as society provides us with some benefits and there is a small cost for that - The social sphere is much smaller than the individual sphere So, what actions lie in the realm of individual freedom? - Absolute freedom of opinion and sentiment on all subjects (i.e. freedom of thought and speech, Mills shows what he thinks free speech should
look like, he presents his opinion with facts and doesn't shy away from debate) - Freedom of doing what we like and acting how we like, accepting the consequences that may follow - Freedom to unite for any purpose not involving harm to others (freedom of assembly) When Mill talks about freedom, he doesn't just think that government is the only danger to said freedom, he also thinks that society is a danger to freedom - It may be argued that almost every individual action will affect society, for example, even if I speak, people will be able to hear me, and they may be offended or affected by that - But this separation in Mills opinion is regulated by the no harm principle, as long as our actions do not affect someone else, we should be free to do what we please Why should Liberty be the guiding principle for society?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture