Determination of cases relating to this subject has

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has not committed any crime. Determination of cases relating to this subject has differed in many jurisdictions. The incident that took place when detectives Driscoll and Murphy attempted to arrest McGriff and a stranger intervenes to protect McGriff is an excellent example of such cases (New York Court of Appeal, 1962). The stranger assaults Murphy Unknowingly with the intention of safeguarding McGriff. In his testimony, the defendant makes it clear that he was not aware of what transpired between the officer and McGriff and did not inquire (New York Court of Appeal, 1962). In this case, there is no specific intent by the stranger to assault the officer. The appellate court reversed the decision that found the stranger in the incident guilty of the third-degree assault. In its decision, it reiterated that a person is not liable of criminal charge in the third degree if he goes to the aid of another whom he mistakenly, but reasonably believes is being unlawfully beaten and thereby injures one of the assaulters. In another case, People ex Rel. Hegeman v. Corrigan (195 N.Y. 1, 12), the court argued that the innocence or the criminality
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