Can help audiences understand unfamiliar concepts Figurative analogies compare

Can help audiences understand unfamiliar concepts

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- Can help audiences understand unfamiliar concepts. Figurative analogies compare two ideas or objects from two different classes. Conversely, literal analogies compare two objects or ideas that clearly belong to the same class. Speakers using analogies need to make sure that the audience will be able to see the similarity between the objects or ideas being compared.
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COMM 1110 Fall 2019 7. Why is it important to always cite your sources during your speech? CITING SOURCES *Citing is important because it enables readers to see where you found information cited within a speech, article, or book *Not citing information properly is considered plagiarism, so ethically we want to make sure that we give credit to the authors we use in a speech *Use Either APA or MLA (Consult Chapter 7.4 and 7.5 for examples and guides on how to cite) Citing sources during your speech - Direct Quotation: -A direct quotation is when you cite the actual words from a source with no changes. Example: In a 2009 report titled Bullying: Getting Away with It, the Workplace Bullying Institute wrote, “Doing nothing to the bully (ensuring impunity) was the most common employer tactic (54%).” Paraphrase: -A paraphrase is to take a source’s basic idea and condense it using your own words. Example: According to a 2009 study by the Workplace Bullying Institute titled Bullying: Getting Away with It, when employees reported bullying, 54 percent of employers did nothing at all. General advice for citing sources 1. Do your own work and use your own words 2. Allow yourself enough time to research the assignment 3. Keep track of your sources 4. If you use an idea, paraphrase, or summary – credit the source! 5. Quote accurately and sparingly (not often) 6. Do not patch write – mixing several references together and arranging paraphrases and quotations to constitute much of the paper/speech Chapter 9 1. What are the four elements of an effective introduction? The four elements of an effective introduction are: Attention getter: has to be creative and relevant to the topic Statement of Purpose & Thesis Statement of Credibility/Interest Reasons to listen***
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COMM 1110 Fall 2019 2. Why is it important to keep your audience in mind? Keeping your audience in mind when giving a speech can help us make better decisions about not only what information we include, but the organization and formatting of the speech. Effective speech is selfless; it must use language that reflects the audience, not the speaker. To speak effectively, the speaker must transcend his or her personal perspective and consider the interests of the audiences, which is not always the easy to achieve. -Because they are the subjects for which you are presenting your speech 3. What are different styles of attention getters in an introduction? Attention getter : - Quote, Interesting/Startling, Personal Story, Hypothetical - Statistic/Fact - Question: Response or Rhetorical 4. Why and how do you establish credibility?
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  • Spring '12
  • Callison

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