13.The nurse is reviewing the food choices of a patient who is taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor ( MAOI). Which food choice would indicate the need for additional teaching? a. Orange juice b. Fried eggs over-easy c. Salami and Swiss cheese sandwich d. Biscuits and honey ANS: C Aged cheeses, such a Swiss or cheddar cheese, and Salami contain tyramine. Patients who are taking MAOIs need to avoid tyramine-containing foods because of a severe hypertensive reaction that may occur. Orange juice, eggs, biscuits, and honey do not contain tyramine. DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Applying (Application) REF: p. 260 TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Reduction of Risk Potential 14.A patient wants to take a ginseng dietary supplement. The nurse instructs the patient to look for which potential adverse effect? a. Drowsiness b. Palpitations and anxiety c. Dry mouth d. Constipation ANS: B Elevated blood pressure, chest pain or palpitations, anxiety, insomnia, headache, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are potential adverse effects of ginseng. Drowsiness, difficulty with urination, and constipation are not potential adverse effects of ginseng. DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Understanding (Comprehension) REF: p. 269 TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Reduction of Risk Potential 15.The nurse is reviewing medications used for depression. Which of these statements is a reasonthat selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are more widely prescribed today than tricyclic antidepressants? a. SSRIs have fewer sexual side effects. b. Unlike tricyclic antidepressants, SSRIs do not have drug-food interactions. c. Tricyclic antidepressants cause serious cardiac dysrhythmias if an overdose occurs. d. SSRIs cause a therapeutic response faster than tricyclic antidepressants. ANS: C Death from overdose of tricyclic antidepressants usually results from either seizures or dysrhythmias. SSRIs are associated with significantly fewer and less severe systemic adverse effects, especially anticholinergic and cardiovascular adverse effects. The other options are incorrect. DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Applying (Application) REF: p. 257 TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Planning MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies
MULTIPLE RESPONSE 1. A patient who has been taking a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) is complaining of “feeling so badly” when he started taking an over-the-counter St. John’s wort herbal product at home. The nurse suspects that he is experiencing serotonin syndrome. Which of these are symptoms of serotonin syndrome? (Select all that apply.) a. Agitation b. Drowsiness c. Tremors d. Bradycardia e. Sweating f. Constipation ANS: A, C, E Common symptoms of serotonin syndrome include delirium, agitation, tachycardia, sweating, hyperreflexia, shivering, coarse tremors, and others. See Box 16-1 for a full list of symptoms.