You began to feel that if government owned the

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for, a country where all men were equal, where there was a community that was protected by the government. You began to feel that if government owned the railroads, if the government forced companies to pay a fair livable wage and to provide hospital treatment that America could become truly great. As soon as you got out of prison you began to write for and created several socialist magazines. You became convinced that the two major political parties, the Republicans and the Democrats were both controlled by the large corporations that were never going to be fair to the average worker. This is why you endorsed and struggled for socialism for the rest of your life. You began to lecture widely on the evils of capitalism and business and on the possibilities of socialism. You had become famous due to the Pullman Strike, but you were asked to run for president on the socialist party ticket because of your speaking ability. You had the unique gift of speaking to both the uneducated and incredibly well educated at the same time, inspiring both and boring neither. You would run for the presidency five times as a socialist growing the numbers you received each time. The belief that socialism could save America began to be something that many people believed in nationwide, rich, poor, radical, conservative. You never won an election but you were never quite sure that it really mattered. What really mattered was that the country began to grow, began to change, began to become the country that the founding fathers wanted it to be. Both the Republican and Democratic Parties took several things from the pressure of the Socialist Party and put them into their speeches and added them to the their governments. That was a victory, not a total victory, but a victory none the less. Your hatred and despise of President Wilson was well known. You considered him a complete hypocrite and scoundrel. Someone who espoused progressive views and said that he was going to make America and the world great and then didn’t support working people or women and then led us into a war (WWI) where working men were killed as soldiers. You attacked him and his policies at every turn. In 1917 President Wilson allowed the passage of the Espionage Act and then in 1918 he allowed the passage of the Sedition Act. These two laws were intolerable. You could not believe that a president, a congress, and then the Supreme Court allowed such madness to happen. The very idea that the First Amendment wasn’t allowed during times of war was insane. The First Amendment says that congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech, it doesn’t say except in times of war. The president is sworn to uphold the Constitution and he was not doing it. Several of your friends had already been arrested for speaking the truth about the war and had been jailed for it. You decided to stand with them in solidarity. In speech after speech after speech you didn’t criticize the draft, (even though you desperately wanted to) but you did criticize WWI and President Wilson’s role in it. At speech after speech the Bureau of Investigation recorded your comments and finally arrested you.
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