Japanese feudalism- constant state of warfare Emperor- top of food chain Shogun- military governors Daimyo- feudal lords with a lot of power Samurai- military muscle- fight for each shogun family Peasants- base o 1000-1580 AD classic shogun era o feudal system comes to an end at about 1580-1600 1580: Tokugawa shogunate takes over take over and consolidate power for the first time ever take country into global isolation what the tokugawa shogunate does bring to end 600 years of perpetual conflict no more fighting because one family is in charge peace era (250 years of it) point one: explosion of Japanese culture
o art, culture, rock gardens, architecture, trees, theater (cabuki), poetry, wood block art, bunjinja painting o they educate everyone—400 years ago- base don confusion principle, everyone should be smart o educate even the girls point 2: plunge japan into isolationism o we’ve borrowed from asia for centuries, but now we aretn interested in trade or others culture if someone showed up to trade, they got head chopped off and ship burned Focus o the arts and focus inward, but global isolationism 1600-1850- Europeans and americans are out taking over the world Topagawa see this going on and they further isolate themselves o They aren’t clueless, they regulates dutch post at Nagasaki o They make it harder to get in japan o In a savvy psychical situation to pull ths off o Extremely easy area to defend—very far away from everyone else They can tkeep out foreign intervention forever o 1853: commodore perry opens up japan to trade o he pointed cannons at them so they wouldn’t attack him o japan was screwed—japan was so technologically behind that they couldnt compete o 1853: US forcibly opened up trade to outside world floodgates open and then everyone else came in too o sets stage for major change o spark that lights the fuse for an explosion of change—MEIJI RESTORATION
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- Fall '08
- japan, main islands, japan video