It is expected that vital signs will return to normal

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The correct short-term outcome is the only one that relates to the patient’s physical condition. It is expected that vital signs will return to normal when the CNS depression is alleviated. Thepatient’s respirations are slow and shallow, but there is no evidence of congestion.PTS:1DIF:Cognitive Level: Apply (Application)REF:Pages 22-20, 58 (Table 22-1) | Page 22-69 (Table 22-5)TOP:Nursing Process: Planning/Outcomes IdentificationMSC:Client Needs: Physiological Integrity20.Family members of an individual undergoing a residential alcohol rehabilitation program ask, “How can we help?” Select the nurse’s best response.a.“Alcoholism is a lifelong disease. Relapses are expected.”b.“Use search and destroy tactics to keep the home alcohol free.”c.“It’s important that you visit your family member on a regular basis.”d.“Make your loved one responsible for the consequences of behavior.”ANS: DOften, the addicted individual has been enabled when others picked up the pieces for him or her. The individual never faced the consequences of his or her own behaviors, all of which relate to taking responsibility. Learning to face those consequences is part of the recovery process. The other options are codependent behaviors or are of no help.PTS:1DIF:Cognitive Level: Apply (Application)REF:Pages 22-33 (Case Study and Nursing Care Plan, Alcohol Use Disorder), 39, 69 (Table 22-5),TOP:Nursing Process: ImplementationMSC:Client Needs: Psychosocial Integrity21.Which goal for treatment of alcohol use disorder should the nurse address first?
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The individual must have completed withdrawal and achieved physiological stability before he or she is able to address any of the other treatment goals.PTS:1DIF:Cognitive Level: Apply (Application)REF:Pages 22-33 (Case Study and Nursing Care Plan, Alcohol Use Disorder), 40TOP:Nursing Process: Outcomes IdentificationMSC:Client Needs: Physiological Integrity22.A patient diagnosed with an antisocial personality disorder was treated several times for substance abuse, but each time the patient relapsed. Which treatment approach is most appropriate?Residential programs and therapeutic communities help patients change lifestyles, abstain from drugs, eliminate criminal behaviors, develop employment skills, become self-reliant, andpractice honesty. Residential programs are more effective for patients with antisocial tendencies than outpatient programs.PTS:1DIF:Cognitive Level: Apply (Application)REF:Pages 22-20, 21, 48, 49TOP:Nursing Process: PlanningMSC:Client Needs: Safe, Effective Care Environment
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