intelligence and creativity.pptx

Biological intelligence sir francis galton

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Biological Intelligence (Sir Francis Galton) Intelligence and success is genetic Content of mind based on sensations and information processing Sensory, perceptual and motor processes e.g. reaction time, sensitivity to sounds Intelligence as one general factor (g) or multiple factors Charles Spearman (1927) Intelligence based one component/factor Strong relationship between performance on different tasks; underlying general intelligence factor/ability S-factors – specific factors related to specific abilities e.g. maths Thurston (1947) Multiple factor theory of intelligence Later agrees with research finding factors are related
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Thurston’s 7 Factors of Intelligence 1) Verbal comprehension – understand concepts in verbal form Read the passage below and answer the following questions … 2) General reasoning – solve complex problems, planning based on past experience Man is to woman as boy is to … 3) Word fluency – speak and write fluently Say as many words as possible related to farming 4) Memory – learn and remember information Look at the picture for 1 minute then answer the following questions 5) Number ability – ability to work with numbers What is the next number in the sequence 20 – 16 – 12 – 8 - …. 6) Spatial Ability – represent things visually in space and manipulate them mentally 7) Perceptual speed – recognise objects and identify similarities and differences How many syllables are in the following sentence ….
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Multiple Intelligences (Gardner, 1999) Musical Composing, appreciating; performing music Musical Composing, appreciating; performing music Intrapersonal Self-awareness In touch with our feelings Intrapersonal Self-awareness In touch with our feelings Interpersonal Getting on with people Social skills Interpersonal Getting on with people Social skills Spatial Organising things in space e.g. drawing, navigating Spatial Organising things in space e.g. drawing, navigating Linguistic Language Expressing and understanding words Linguistic Language Expressing and understanding words Logical/Mathematical Logical reasoning; problem solving; numerical calculation Logical/Mathematical Logical reasoning; problem solving; numerical calculation Naturalist Relating to natural surroundings e.g. ranger, farmer Naturalist Relating to natural surroundings e.g. ranger, farmer Bodily-Kinaesthetic Movement of body / body parts e.g. dancing / swimming Bodily-Kinaesthetic Movement of body / body parts e.g. dancing / swimming
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Information Processing Approach Information processing strategies underlie intelligence Intelligence based on 3 components – attentional processes; information processes; planning processes
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