The changing position of AA’s and the responses of the white south (62)-remained a huge difference between the theory of equality and its practice-ex-slaves entered the post-war era with economic disadvantageNo landLack of educationLack of investmentPovertyRacism-most AA’s in the south practiced sharecroppingUnrelenting labor with little rewardTenant farmer uses land to farm in return for a portion of the crop produced on that land-white southerners asserted their political and social dominance -created secret societies that attacked AA’sKu Klux Klan (preferred beatings and lynching)White league
Reconstruction failed to bring AA’s on equal terms with whitesRacial segregation aroseJim Crow laws persisted (separate schools, fountains, toilets, allocated areas of transportation, etc.) Colfax massacre of 1873 (62) *Note-Colfax, Louisiana, white men armed-opened fired on a crowd of black and white men-killed majority of black (60-100 men)-leaders of massacre were arrested-later was released, law they had broken was marked unconstitutional by Supreme CourtEconomic and political changes (63-64)-politics became national-power of federal government had grown-growing sense of American nationalism-states rights and identity remained powerful-USA began developing its industrial powerIn summary, the Reconstruction era…Failed to bring social justice to former slavesRestoration of unionEnabled United States as a whole to move forward
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- Summer '16
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