A conditions of worth b self actualization c

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a. conditions of worth b. self-actualization c. unconscious conflicts d. low self-esteem ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 48. Betty is making a mud pie out of dirt she brought in from the backyard. When her mother sees it, she yells, “Stop it. Good girls do not play with dirt and mud.” According to humanistic approaches to personality, Betty’s mom is creating __________ for her daughter. a. unconditional positive regard b. self-actualization c. unconscious conflicts d. conditions of worth ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 49. Dr. Roger is a psychologist trained in the person-centered approach to therapy. Which of the following describes how Dr. Roger would treat his clients? a. He would have his client’s behaviors observed by two or more raters. b. He would discuss his client’s problems as the client understands them. c. He would have his client take tests that measure the five-factor theory. d. He would have his client take multiple projective tests to reveal unconscious conflicts. ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 50. Greg is a parent who wants to apply a person-centered approach to raising his son Isaac. Which of the following things should Greg do? a. He should withhold treats and gifts to reinforce his rules. b. He should emphasize Isaac’s responsibility for his failures. c. He should love and support Isaac no matter how he behaves.
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d. He should teach Isaac defense mechanisms to relieve his internal conflicts. ANS: C DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 51. Marta’s parents want her to become a doctor, but she would like to be an artist. Which approach to personality would suggest that Marta’s personal growth is associated with following her dream of becoming an artist? a. cognitive b. trait c. psychodynamic d. humanistic ANS: D DIF: Difficult OBJ: 12.2b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 52. Which of the following traits is NOT part of the five-factor theory of personality? a. openness to experience b. agreeableness c. neuroticism d. introversion ANS: D DIF: Easy OBJ: 12.2c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 53. In the five-factor theory trait, the trait of neuroticism is similar to the dimension of __________ in Eysenck’s biological trait theory. a. stability b. psychoticism c. constraint d. extraversion ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 12.2c MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 54. Trait theories, like the five-factor theory, are important because they a. provide information on unconscious processes. b. can use projective measures to assess personality. c. provide insight into how situations influence personality.
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