convention in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. 2. How were the Native Americans involved in the Revolution? Indians fought in the Revolution for Indian liberties and Indian homelands, not for the British empire. But the image of Indian participation presented in the Declaration of Independence prevailed: most Americans believed that Indians had backed monarchy and tyranny. 3. Explain the causes of Shay’s Rebellion and how it turned out? What was the significance? Shays’ Rebellion was a series of violent attacks on courthouses and other government properties in Massachusetts, beginning in 1786, which led to a full-blown military confrontation in 1787. The rebels were mostly ex-Revolutionary War soldiers turned farmers who opposed state economic policies causing poverty and property foreclosures. The rebellion was named after Daniel Shays, a farmer and former soldier who fought at Bunker Hill and was one of several leaders of the insurrection. The farmers who fought in the Revolutionary War had received little compensation, and by the 1780s many were struggling to make ends meet.Businesses in Boston and elsewhere demanded immediate payment for goods that farmers had previously bought on credit and often paid off through barter. There was no paper money in circulation and no gold or silver to be accessed by the farmers to settle these debts.At the same time, Massachusetts residents were expected to pay higher taxes than they had ever paid to the British in order to assure that Governor James Bowdoin’s business associates made a good return on their investments.With no means to move their crops and make money to pay off debts and taxes, Boston authorities began to arrest the farmers and foreclose on their farms. 4. How did the American Revolution open up opportunity for more people and challenge the social order? It didn't. Social order developed primarily in the time of salutary-neglect (mid 18th-century). American just wanted to free themselves from Great Britain. Conservative bias during the Am. Rev. The Declaration of Independence preached that "all men are created equal". This principle led many groups, who were once not represented in govt (women, slaves, the poor, and Native Americans), to speak out for their rights to participate in their republican govt. Founders claimed that govt power should rest with the consent of the governed, which according to the preamble of the DOI should include all citizens. 5. Explain the two major compromises necessary in order to achieve ratification of the Constitution. The Constitutional Convention was held between May 25, 1787 - September 17, 1787 at the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia was held to address the problems encountered in governing the country due to weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation. The focus of the convention turned to creating a new system of government. There were disputes between the large states and the small states. The convention reached deadlock. Compromises were needed to bring about agreement and to formulate the U.S. Constitution. This article provides information about the major Constitutional Comprises made by the Constitutional Convention in 1787.
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- Spring '17
- Stephen Reed