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27. A 35-year-old hypertensive male begins taking a diuretic. Which of the following common side effects of this medication should the nurse monitor? Hypokalemia28. A 42-year-old female is diagnosed with chronic renal failure, and the nurse is discussing dietary treatment. Which information indicates the nurse understands dietary regimen? 29. When the nurse discusses the glomerulus and Bowman capsule together, it is referred to as the renal: corpuscle30. A 29-year-old female presents with cloudy urine, flank pain, hematuria, and fever. Which of the following does the nurse suspect the patient is most likely experiencing? Acute 31. A 35-year-old female was severely burned and is hospitalized. She is now suffering from acute tubular necrosis (ATN). Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart? Intrarenal32. A 15-year-old female presents with flank pain, irritability, malaise, and fever. Tests revealglomerulonephritis. When the parents ask what could have caused this, how should the nurse respond? Poststreptococcal infection33. A 3-year-old female presents with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor growth and development, and feeding problems. Tests reveal a retrograde flow of urine
from the urinary bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming shift, the nurse will call this condition: vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)34. While planning care for a patient with renal calculi, the nurse remembers the most important factor in renal calculus formation is: urine pH35. A nurse is reviewing urinalysis results and notices glucose is present in the urine. A nurse realizes glucose will be excreted in the urine when: the carrier molecules have reached 36. When a child is admitted with acute renal failure, a clinician realizes the most common cause of acute renal failure is: hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) 37. A 25-year-old female is diagnosed with urinary tract obstruction. While planning care, the nurse realizes that the patient is expected to have hydronephrosis and a decreased glomerular infiltration rate caused by: dilation of the renal pelvis and calyces proximal to 38. A 27-year-old male has a severe kidney obstruction leading to removal of the affected kidney. Which of the following would the nurse expect to occur? Compensatory