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The countrys indigenous cultures through the

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The country’s indigenous cultures through the existence of ethnic musical instruments such as pipes, flutes,zithers, drums, various string instruments like kudyapi a three stringed guitar, the kulintang – an array bossedgongs, the gansa or flat gong, bamboo percussion instruments, and the gong – large bossed gong.The following are the native dance forms imitated from the movements of the animals:1.Pangalay dance (Sulu) is mimetic of the movements of the sea birds2.Mandaya’ Kinabua, Banog – banog (Higaonon & B’laan), and ma- manok (Bagobos in Mindanao isimitated the movements of predatory birds.3.Talip dance (Ifugao) that is used for courtship is mimetic of the movements of wild fowls.4.Inamo dance (Matigsalugs) and Kadaliwas dance (T’Boli) represent the comedic movement of themonkey5.Tinikling dance evocative of the movements of the crane, balancing itself on stilt – like legs or flirtingaway from the clutches of bamboo traps.Famous artworks during pre – colonial1.CarvingBulul (Cordillera) a granary God that plays an important role in ritualsHagabi (Ifugao) a wooden bench
10Santos / sculptures of saints (Laguna and Pampanga)Okir (Tausug / Samal / Badjao) mythical sarimanok, the naga or serpent.Manunggul Jar discovered at Manunggul cave of Palawan2.WeavingTextile weavinga.Pis siyabit (Tausug of Sulu) a headpiece wovenb.Malong (Maranao of Lanao del Sur)Mat and basket weavinga.Tepo mat (Sama of Tawi-Tawi) a double layered made of Pandan leaves.b.Ovaloid basket (Itbayat, Batanes) a head sling made of nito or bamboo used to carry theharvests.c.Bubo (Ilocos region) a sturdy bamboo strips used to trap the fish.3.Ornamentation-representations of various ethnolinguistic groups.a.Wearing gold jewelry (upper class Tagalog)b.Tattooing (Visayan) it is believed to protect the individual from evil spirits, it is also a sign ofbravery and maturity.II. ISLAMIC ERA(13THCentury to the Present)HowdidIslaminfluenceartbeforethecomingofSpanish colonizers?Islamic is characterized by geometric designs and patterselecting focus from the believers. Even before the coming ofSpanishcolonizers,IslamwasalreadywellentrenchedinSouthernPhilippines.FilipinoMuslimsrecognizethattheybelong to an ummah or a community of believers. Central to theIslamic faith is the doctrine of or unity of God. This beliefemphasizestheimpermanenceofnatureandtheincomprehensible greatness of the Divine Being.InIslamicartwecanobservehowartistareinfluenced by the notion of the Tawhid, we will find that theinterior of mosques is covered with elaborate patterning in theform of reliefs to draw the attention away from the concreteobject, in other words away from human forms and nature”toward the contemplation of the divine” (source: Faludette May Datulin et. al, 2016. Contemporary PhilippineArts of the Regions p. 19)Happenings during Islamic era1.Sultanate of Sulu was established Sayyid Abbubakar2.Qura or holy text was introduced3.Building of religious school calledMadrasah4.Natives from Yakans, Basilan and Zamboanga were converted to Islam5.Islamazation process in Mindanao became strong.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Ricky T. Morales
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