For the governments in these countries to initiate

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 116

This preview shows page 57 - 59 out of 116 pages.

for the governments in these countries to initiate pro-active preventive measures, including early warning mechanisms. Third, there are countries whose probability of prevalence ranges between 0.1 and 0.2 (Côte d’Ivoire, Benin, Togo, Burkina Faso and Nigeria). And finally, countries such as Cape Verde, Niger, Guinea Bissau, Senegal and Mali have very low probability. The results for Mali, Guinea Bissau and Senegal contradict the general expectation given the contiguity of these countries to the epicentre countries. This may be as a result of strong preventive measures against the EVD. (See Annex 3 for the specific results for each of the countries.) 3.3.2 Trade impacts of Ebola virus disease Due to the restriction of the epidemic to certain countries, trade appears to be the most important variable for examining the effects of the disease in West Africa. The sub-regional trade indicates that Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone contribute only marginally to intra-ECOWAS trade. The share of the three countries in the sub-regional trade is very low. Thus, the border closures and the isolation do not significantly affect the volume of trade in the West African region. 27 Indeed, over the 2010-2013 period, the three countries account only for 1.73 percent of imports and 1.39 percent of intra-EU exports annually. 27 While this may be the case at the macro and formal levels, the situation for people who depend on informal cross- border trade may be different. It is important, therefore, to undertake some micro-assessments on this issue to further examine the detailed impact on people whose livelihoods depend on cross-border trade. SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
Image of page 57
40 Over the same period, Guinea contributed an annual average of 1.25 percent in to intra-ECOWAS imports against 1.23 percent for exports. Its share in total intra-ECOWAS imports varies from 1.56 percent in 2010 to 1.34 percent in 2013, against 2.25 percent and 0.16 percent for exports, respectively. These rates are even lower for Liberia and Sierra, remaining below the 0.3 percent of total intra-ECOWAS imports and exports. For this reason, a drastic reduction of trade within the region is not expected. Tables 6 and 7 provide the trade statistics for other countries. Table 6: Share of countries in intra-ECOWAS trade Country Intra-ECOWAS Imports Intra-ECOWAS Exports 2010 2011 prev 2012 prev 2013 prev 2010 2011 prev 2012 prev 2013 prev Benin 0.40 0.17 0.20 0.39 3.42 0.44 0.65 0.83 Burkina Faso 1.17 1.33 1.18 1.77 1.70 0.83 0.99 1.22 Cape Verde 0.20 0.17 0.18 0.25 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.04 Côte d'Ivoire 9.14 6.30 5.88 10.31 35.39 14.89 21.82 29.10 Gambia, The 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.51 0.52 0.79 0.65 Ghana 5.74 13.53 9.99 12.00 9.20 42.07 14.35 9.50 Guinea 1.56 1.04 1.08 1.34 2.25 1.08 1.45 0.16 Guinea Bissau 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.08 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.00 Liberia 0.20 0.21 0.25 0.42 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.02 Mali 1.77 1.36 1.42 1.88 3.04 2.32 2.42 1.94 Niger 0.36 0.21 0.22 0.38 2.70 1.17 2.84 3.00 Nigeria 77.00 73.58 77.46 68.10 28.32 27.95 43.53 41.95 Senegal 1.76 1.37 1.34 1.89 11.73 5.34 6.72 6.52 Sierra Leone 0.09 0.23 0.18 0.35 0.10 0.16 0.03 0.22 Togo 0.50 0.40 0.49 0.75 1.58 3.15 4.36 4.85 Total 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 Source: ECOWAS Commission.
Image of page 58
Image of page 59

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 116 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors