13 brass trumpet french horn trombone tuba cornet

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13. Brass: Trumpet, French Horn, Trombone, Tuba, Cornet, baritone horn, euphonium, mute.14. Percussion:Definite Pitch: Timpani, Xylophone, Chimes. Indefinite Pitch: Snare Drum, Bass Drum, Triangle, Cymbals.15. Keyboard Instruments:Piano, Harpsichord, Pipe Organ, Accordion.16. Electronic Instruments:Synthesizer, Computer Music.17.A theme is a melody used as the basis for a musical composition.18.Varied repetition of theme is called variation.19. Rhythmrefers to the ordered durations of sounds and silences.20. Beatis a regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.21.The organization of beats into regular groups is called meter.22.A group containing a fixed number of beats is called a measure(or bar).23.When a measure has 2 beats, it is in duple meter; we count 1–2, 1–2, and so on:24.A pattern of 3 beats to the measure is known as triple meter.25. Tempo—the speed of the beat—is the basic pace of the music.26.A tempo indicationis usually given at the beginning of a piece. As with dynamics, the terms that show tempo (at the left) are in Italian.
TEMPOPaceLargoVery Slow, BroadGraveVery Slow, SolemnAdagio SlowAndanteModerately Slow, a walking paceModeratoModerateAllegrettoModerately FastAllegro FastVivaceLivelyPrestoVery FastPrestissimoAs Fast as Possible27.A gradual quickening of tempo may be indicated by writing accelerando.28.A gradual slowing down of tempo by ritardando.29. Metronome, an apparatus that produces ticking sounds or flashes of light at any desired musical speed.

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