The Scottish Reformation Notes

The state at first resisted the reformation but

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- The State at first resisted the reformation but eventually was overrun with reform. - Mary of Guise ruled for her infant daughter Queen Mary after the death of King James. Mary of Guise was Catholic and was identified and a very anti-protestant ruler. - The Lords of the Congregation came together to reform the church and undermined. - Queen Mary Stuart came of age and returned to Scotland after the death of her French prince husband. She came to take control from her mother. - 1560: reformation Parliament meets in Edinburgh: was summoned to welcome the new queen’s return home. - John Knox was a reformer who had been in exile for years and was a close associate of John Calvin. Knox returned to Scotland with the intent to break the
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Catholic Church. He spoke out freely against Mary of Guise and Mary Stuart. He became an effective tool for the Lords of Congregation. - Mary Stuart found it more and more difficult to control the church. She was not considered sovereign head of the Scottish Kirk. There is no head of the church. - Scottish Kirk (Church): Calvinist Doctrine, Presbyterian Theology: congregations are governed by committee. The kingdom was divided into presbyteries (parishes) and was represented by a minister. This style was being used successfully in Switzerland and the Netherlands. They rejected the Bishops and the control of Rome. - The Kirk gradually replaces the class in local societies. Scot ministers were usually drawn for further down the social ladder; lairds. This group was highly trained and well-educated. - The clan lost power and had trouble controlling the Kirk and the clans’ dominates only remained the highlands. - The Kirk is the major factor in bringing Scotland into the modern world. In order to be a good Christian, people must understand scripture and live moral lives. - Scottish society improved greatly and the church became a model for its reformed church.
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