Depending on the child and the severity of their case

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help of a therapist and support from family they could begin to make progress. Depending on the child and the severity of their case with Autistic Spectrum Disorder, in  communication they deal with the struggles of difficulty processing speech, expressing thoughts  and feelings through speech, repetitive language, lack of flow when they’re communicating and  incoherent speech. I had read in an article that, “A 1994 study found that children with ASD are  able to correctly reproduce rhythmic and pitch patterns and to vocalize in a steady tempo that  matches a given tempo when singing. In addition to patterns, both music and speech share a  steady flow, either of notes or words. This association can help those with ASD to improve upon  the flow of their speech” (Drake, 2014).  As I explained above, I want to explore how music therapy can help to… My research  question is: How does music therapy benefit the communication development in kids with  Autism Spectrum Disorder? This topic is extremely important especially because families who  have children born with autism understand the hardships of communication development in their  child. “The impact of  disabilities causes additional difficulties both in expressive and receptive 
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3 communication and in the ability of communication partners to engage in and sustain  interaction” (Perry, 2003). “People might often misinterpret the rare responses that a child does  make and caregivers may see their role in communication as a directive one, rather than a  reciprocal one that follows the interest of the child” (Perry, 2004). This study will help to open  our minds in realizing how music therapy for children with autism could help to alleviate some  of the biggest issues they face in communicating.  Theory and Hypothesis There’s theory that William James suggested about 120 years ago regarding  neuroplasticity. “He suggested that human brain is capable for continuous functional changes”  (Demarin, 2014). For example, if a brain has become damaged whether that’s due to an injury,  being born with communication disabilities it will work around the damaged parts and create  new ways of being able to complete a task. It could take longer to complete said task but with  patience and proper treatment of music therapy it could benefit those suffering significantly.  “Music facilitates the process of neuroplasticity by linking aspects of language to the undamaged right hemisphere of the brain” (Drake, 2014). One article that I found regarding neuroplasticity  and music therapy states: “Music therapy is especially useful, because participating in musical exercises activates  areas throughout the entire brain. Rhythmic and sequential aspects of music activate the 
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  • Fall '18

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