Despite a number of weakness Marxs theory had a wide influence on industrial

Despite a number of weakness marxs theory had a wide

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Despite a number of weakness, Marx’s theory had a wide influence on industrial Europe Questions -What did Thomas Malthus believe? C. the population would outpace the food supply -How did Karl Marx believe the class struggle would end? C. the proletariat would take control of the means of production Chapter 9 Section 1 - The Industrial Revolution Spreads -What industrial powers emerged in the 1800s -What impact did new technology have on industry, transportation, and communication? -How did big business emerged in the late 1800s? New Industrial Powers -During the early Industrial Revolution, britain stood alone as the world's industrial giant. By the mid-1800s, other nations had joined the race and several newcomers were challenging Britain’s industrial supremacy. a. Belgium became the first European nation outside britain to industrialize b. Germany united into a powerful nation in 1871. Within a few decades it became europe's leading industrial power c. The united states made rapid technological advances, especially after the Civil War. By 1900, american industry led the world in production d. Japan industrialized rapidly after 1868. e. Canada, New Zealand, and Australia built thriving industries. f. Eastern and southern Europe industrialized more slowly. THese nations lacked natural resources or the capital to invest. Centers of Industry Great britain has a lot of coal fields and so does France Technology and Industry -The marriage of science, technology, and industry spurred economic growth. To improve efficiency, manufacturer designed products with interchangeable parts. They also introduced the assembly line A. Steel a. Henry Bessemer developed a process to produce stronger steel. b. Steek quickly became the major material used in tools, bridges, and railroads. c. B. Chemicals a. Chemists created hundreds of new products. b. New chemical fertilizers led to increased food production.
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41 c. Alfred Nobel invented dynamite. C. Electricity a. Alessandro Volta developed the first battery. b. Michael Faraday created the first electric motor and the first dynamo , a machine that generated electricity. c. Thomas Edison made the first electric light bulb. Advances in Transportation and Communication -During the second Industrial Revolution, transportation and communication were transformed by technology. A. Transportation a. Steamships replaced sailing ships. b. Rail lines connected inland and cities and seaports, mining regions and industrial centers. c. Nikolaus Otto invented a gasoline-powered internal combustion engine. d. Karl Benz patented the first automobile. e. Henry Ford began mass producing cars. f. Orville and Wilbur Wright designed and flew the first airplane. B. Communication a. Samuel Morse developed the telegraph b. Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone c. Guglielmo Marconi (Maccaroni) invented the radio The Rise of Big Business -New technologies required the investment of large amounts of money. To obtain capital, entrepreneurs sold stock, or shares in their companies to investors
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