A decrease in incidents of killing and maiming of children was registered in

A decrease in incidents of killing and maiming of

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A decrease in incidents of killing and maiming of children was registered in the Congo in November 2008 due primarily to a reduction in military operations. Nevertheless, children continue to be victims of attacks and of clashes between various armed groups and FARDC. Most of the cases are said to be related to the intense period of fighting in North Kivu at the end of 2007 and the beginning of 2008. However, in June and July 2008, 10 cases of children who were allegedly killed by security forces (the Congolese National Police) and armed groups (Mai- Mai and CNDP) were reported in North Kivu and in Oriental province, these former soldiers are still considered violent and they face serious threats from their communities. xi 5
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Furthermore, female child soldiers who have been violated have had perhaps the worse forms of violations. Some of these girls contract AIDs, others are impregnated and the problem of stigmatization they face from their societies and even their own family members is deplorable. Rape in the Democratic Republic of the Congo remains a great concern. Whereas FARDC soldiers, officers of the Congolese National Police and elements of armed groups represented a majority of the alleged offenders in regions of active conflict, a significant number of reported incidents of sexual violence were also attributed to civilians in a climate of impunity and absence of rule of law. At the provincial level, trends are extremely on high rate as new cases persists in the context of the conflict in the Kivus, while the number of cases reported in post-conflict zones appears to have decreased. In the period from June 2007 to the end of June 2008 in Ituri, out of 6,766 cases reported and assisted by partners of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF ), 2,893 were children (43 per cent): 2,516 girls and 377 boys. In cases of child rape, 42 per cent of the perpetrators were members of the security forces or armed groups and 58 per cent were civilians.During the same period in North Kivu, out of 4,770 cases assisted by UNICEF partners, 1,821 were children (38 per cent): 1,794 girls and 27 boys. For cases of rape of children, 70 per cent of the perpetrators were members of the security forces or armed groups and 30 per cent of the perpetrators were civilians. In South Kivu, out of 6,242 cases of sexual violence reported and assisted by UNICEF partners, 803 were children (13 per cent): 798 girls and 5 boys. For cases of child rape, 45 per cent of the perpetrators were members of the security forces or armed groups and 55 per cent were civilians xii . The world’ response and the remaining challenges The international body and many national governments have responded to these crimes against children, but still little progress is made on the level of implementation, especially in warring countries such as the DR Congo . ‘Committing to international treaties is one thing, honoring them is another’. In his speech in July 2000, Kofi Annan, the former Secretary General affirmed that "The question of children and armed conflict is an integral part of the United
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • United Nations , Democratic Republic of the Congo

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