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healthcare professions to recognize individual’s reaction related to similar conditions, and create clinical decisions related to an individual’s experience and understandings of well-being. ConclusionHealth Promotion Model by Nola Pender is used internationally in nursing practice and education to improve individual’s health and to modify behaviors toward wellness. After evaluating the theory using Chinn & Kramer’s model, it is evident that the theory is simple, concise, and functional for nurses to apply in different healthcare settings. Through health promotion model, nurses can recognize the importance of self-efficacy and modify health changes accordingly to individual’s lifestyles (Sevinc & Argon, 2018, p. 416). Researches and scholars also agreed there are benefits related to this theory and the importance of applying in diverse populations to prevent illnesses, and to reduce rising healthcare cost in the nation. 5
HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL CRITIQUEReferencesButts, J. B., & Rich, K. (2011). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.Pender, N. J. (1996). Health promotion in nursing practice(3rd ed.). Connecticut: Appleton & Lange Stanford.Sevinc, S., & Argon, G. (2018). Application of Pender’s Health Promotion Model to Post-Myocardial Infarction Patients in Turkey. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 409–418. Retrieved from ?(6), 1436–1445. Retrieved from ?direct=true&db=mdc&AN=16284014&site=eds-live&scope=siteWu, Y., & Pender, N. (2005). A panel study of physical activity in Taiwanese youth testing the revised health-promotion model. Family and Community Health, (2), 113. Retrieved from?direct=true&db=edsgea&AN=edsgcl.131132236&site=eds-live&scope=site6