Economic growth and structural adjustment was the

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economic growth and structural adjustment was the dominant methodology for restructuring relations between the state and the market. The fashionable development paradigm was to rely on market as much as possible, to actively downsize the state and to switch social service delivery to NGOs. NGOs were considered superior to the state delivery system because NGOs were private forces and had a reputation for reaching the very poor. The capacity of NGOs to deliver large scale services was not in question ( Drabek, 1987). One of the fundamental reasons that NGOs have received so much attention of late is that they are perceived to be able to do something that national government cannot or will not do ( Drabek, 1987). After 20 years of development assistance provided by governments and multinationals/multilateral agencies the poor were not benefiting. The blame for entrenched poverty was placed squarely on the shoulders of developing countries governments and justified through arguments that governments were too big and not efficient. Aids-and other financial resources were shifted away from government agencies to Non-governmental organizations (NGOs). NGOs claimed a bigger portion of the assistance cake, and in so doing, shifted from organization focused on charity and emergency into carriers of people-centred sustainable development. The focus is on how NGOs can improve their evaluation mechanism and deliver more by scaling up, the impact of their activities.
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3.5.2 The Second Syllogism of NGOs (1989- 95) This syllogism holds that: - Civil society is necessary for democracy NGOs are civil society NGOs are good for democracy development. Perceptions of NGOs accountability focused on quality of internal governance and the formalization of organizational intent and behavior (codes of conducts and mission statements) The second syllogism marks the first shift to a new paradigm, when NGO accountability began to be informed by questions of democracy and governance. For a short-period, the fall of the Berlin wall led many to believe that the age of democracy had began, that civil society was critical to democracy and NGOs defined civil society. Improving the capacity of NGOs to undertake new responsibilities as harbingers of democracy became the dominant discourse on NGO management during this period (Aspen Institute, 1997). Dissenter were already waiting at the next paradigm shift through debates about scaling up impact or deepening the quality of interventions and ensuring civic relations (Edwards and Hulme, 1995). 3.5.3 The Third Syllogism of NGOs (1995-2002) This syllogism holds that: - Good governance is necessary for development
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NGOs are not different from other organizations in civil society NGOs need to apply principles of good governance.
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  • Fall '15
  • PROFESSOROKWIRI
  • Government, The Land, Civil society, Non-governmental organization, Nongovernmental Organizations

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