When Roosevelt heard about the attack on the Bonus Army, he said to his friend Felix Frankfurter, “Well, Felix, this will elect me.” The downturn in the economy and Hoover’s inability to deal effectively with the Depression had sealed his political fate.Reading Check Summarize What did the Bonus Army want? 1. Organize Information In a cluster diagram, record what Hoover said and did in response to the Great Depression.Which response was most helpful? Explain your choice. 2. Key Terms and People For each key term or person in the lesson, write a sentence explaining its significance. 3. Analyze Issues How did Hoover’s belief in “rugged individualism” shape his policies during the Great Depression? Think About:•what his belief implies about his view of people•how that translates into the role of government•Hoover’s policies 4. Draw Conclusions When Franklin D. Roosevelt heard about the attack on the Bonus Army, why was he so certain that he would defeat Hoover? Hoover’s ResponsesLesson 3 AssessmentNot even this flag was safe from the violence of July 28, 1932.The Great Depression435
Key Terms and PeopleFor each key term or person below, write a sentence explaining its significance to the beginning of the Great Depression.1.credit2.speculation3.buying on margin4.Black Tuesday5.Dow Jones Industrial Average6.Great Depression7.Dust Bowl8.direct relief9.Herbert Hoover10.Bonus ArmyMain IdeasUse your notes and the information in the module to answer the following questions.The Nation’s Sick Economy 1.What governmental ideas, policies, and actions of the 1920s set the stage for the Great Depression? 2.How did what happened to farmers during the 1920s foreshadow events of the Great Depression? 3.What argument was President Hoover mak-ing about government in the excerpt from the “rugged individualism” speech? 4.What were some of the effects of the stock market crash in October 1929? Hardship and Suffering 5.How did many charitable organizations and public agencies help people during the Depression? 6.Why were shantytowns often called “Hoovervilles”? 7.What factors led to the Dust Bowl? 8.Why did minorities often experience an increase in discrimination during the Great Depression? 9.What pressures did the American family experience during the Depression? Hoover’s Failed Policies10.How did Hoover’s treatment of the Bonus Army affect his standing with the public?11.How did Boulder Dam change places both nearby and far away? 12.In what ways did Hoover try to use the government to relieve the Depression? Critical Thinking1. Categorize In a chart, show how Hoover’s attitudes and actions changed over the course of the Great Depression’s early years. Include the reasons for the changes.