Not adapted to cold environments so move into asia

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not adapted to cold environments so move into Asia first with similar environments to  Africa, move and fill up Asia (tropical environments), lived there thousands of years  before reaching Europe. Had to develop technology to live in Europe Asia : Liujiang, China and Wadjak, Java and Australia Wadjak, Java, Indonesia: discovered 1888, clearly AMH but robust, cranial  capacity 1550 cc, no date for it (50,000 to 5000 bp), very square eye orbits, very  little browridge, big brain Liujiang, China: well preserved cranium, date of 60-70,000 ya, oldest example of  AMH from East Asia, tall rounded cranial vault, no brow ridge, sinodonty: shovel shaped incisors, having this trait is pretty good evidence that is direct ancestor for  modern Asian populations  Lake Mungo, Australia: series of lakes that have dried up now. Used to be lush  areas. Groups of footprints across mudflats 20,000 ya. Some sites have human  remains, most famous are Mungo man and Mungo Woman: 40,000+ bp, female  cremated wasn’t completely consumed so able to identify female remains (42,000  ya), male burial had red ochre sprinkled over him or body painted with red ochre  but the red stained sediments over his whole body, maybe one of the earliest for  sure intentional burial, laid out in distinctive way 
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Europe : Paviland Cave, Wales, Cro-Magnon, France, Predmosti, Moravia, Pestera cu  Oase, Romania. Not many burials  Paviland Cave: earliest modern human discovery found, buried in a cave, covered  in red ochre  Cro-Magnon, France: 5-8 individuals “intentional burials”, dated to 27,000 ya,  blade tools and bone points, not professionally dug so claim of intentional burial  may not be true, older man skull, classic example of modern human with  rectangular eye sockets Predmosti, Moravia, Czech Republic: 18 individuals discovered in 1894, fro,  30,000 ya, apparently found communal grave covered with stone slabs and  mammoth bones but was not professionally dug so not sure, male skull 1580 cc,  mixture of AMH and Neandertal traits- hybrids? Robust brow ridges Pestera cu Oase, Romania: robust AMH, associated with cave bear remains, not  buried they were scattered on the floor, 36,000-41,000 ya (oldest AMH in Europe  so far), possibly had some Neandertal traits. 
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  • Spring '12
  • Sandgathe
  • AMH, brow ridge

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