c.i.Problems – not enough trees to build houses. Problems solved by an inventor made barbedwirein 1870s which could make a fence. Someone else invented the sod house. These are temporary until the RR brings timber and all the people transition out of the sod house. c.ii.Great plains are arid – not a lot of rain. Very difficult to get water. A new way of driving wells at a much deeper level. In areas, the soil is so hard, so new tools were developed. Steel tipped plow developed. All of that combines to c.iii.Almost everybody that moves out there settles within a few miles of a Town (within a day’s journey). Why? No one wants to be out there in there sod house all by themselves. The town serves as a place for the community to come together. The town is a way for the community to come togetherc.iv.Stereotypical town - stereotypical settlers – Little House on the Prairie – Ingalls family. Not all of the settlers are white. There is actually a lot of Ethnic diversity that gets ignored.c.iv.1.Chinese from Gold Rush. c.iv.2.African Americans – get land from Homestead actc.iv.3.Immigrants from southern and eastern Europec.v.These unsettled territories all begin to petition for statehood. A lot of states begin to fillin. c.vi.Tons of settlers come out here now. d.Implications/ problems- ONE big problem. For first time in American history, there is no place left that can be defined as frontier. (<2 people/square mile= a frontier). d.i.Frederick Jackson Turner’s“Frontier Thesis” (1893)- defining perspective about the American past. Turner says that it is the frontier that made Americans who they are, into a unique nation like no other. Independent, tough, democratic.