The modification of cell properties resulting from

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The modification of cell properties resulting from expression of phage DNA integrated into a bacterial chromosomeLytic infectionA viral infection causing the host cell to lyseM proteinThe protein in the cell walls of Group A streptococci that is associated with virulenceMeningitisAn inflammation of the meningesMesophileMicrobe whose optimum growth temperature is between 25°C and 45°CMetabolic pathwaySeries of sequential chemical reactionsMicrobial matA type of microbial community characterized by distinct layers of different groups of microorganisms that together make up a thick, dense, highly organized structureMicrovilliTiny cylindrical projections from luminal surfaces of cells such as those liningthe intestine; increases surface area of the cellMinimum inhibitory concentrations, MICThe lowest concentration of a specific antimicrobial medication that preventsgrowth of a given microbial strain in vitroMonocistronicRNA transcript that carries one geneMonoclonal antibodiesThe antibody molecules with a single specificity produced in vitro by lymphocytes fused with a type of malignant myeloma cellMonocyteA mononuclear phagocyte of the blood; part of the mononuclear phagocyte system of so-called professional phagocytesMorbidityIllness; most often expressed as the rate of illness in a given population at riskMRSA A. aureusStrains of Staphylococcus aureus that are resistant to methicillinMultidrug-resistant TB, MDR-TBMultidrug – resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosisMultilocus Sequence TypingA method of distinguishing strains that relies on determining the nucleotide sequence of select DNA regionsMutagenAny agent that increases the frequency at which DNA is altered (mutated)Myasthenia gravis
An autoimmune disease characterized by muscle weakness caused by autoantibodiesMyonecrosisAlso known as gas gangreneNarrow-spectrum antimicrobialAn antimicrobial medication that inhibits or kills a limited range of bacteriaNematodesRoundwormsNeuronA nerve cellNeurotransmitterAny one of a group of substances released from the ends of nerve cells when they are stimulated; they cross to the adjacent cell and cause it to be excited or inhibitedNitrifiersGroup of Gram-negative bacteria that obtain energy by oxidizing inorganic nitrogen compounds such as ammonia or nitrateNosocomial infectionAn infection acquired during hospitalizationNucleotideRegion of a prokaryotic cell containing the DNABasic subunit of RNA or DNA consisting of a purine or pyrimidine covalently bonded to ribose or deoxyribose, which is covalently bound to a phosphate moleculeOpthalmia neonatorumAn eye infection of newborns caused by maternal infection with Neisseria gonorrheaOral-fecal transmissionThe transmission of organisms colonizing the intestine by ingesting of fecally contaminated materialOuter membrane

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