They believe that jerusalem is going to be the center

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They believe that Jerusalem is going to be the center for the apocalypse The theological message the believers convey with the dome of the rock inscriptionsThe messiah was only the apostle of God. Main fracture between the believer of communities choosing a political leaderShura- council, elect a member of the community as caliph. The Quraysh, power based insyriaThey either want to elect someone or they want it within the prophet’s bloodline. Support for ali in Egypt and IraqThe legacies of the first civil warThe first schism with islam Sunnah- the prophets example Sunni- those who follow the example of the prophet. Umayyad caliph societyCleveland 2 & 3 + Rogan Lecture 03/01/2019
Abassid caliphate (750-1258750: revolution against Umayyad rulersoAbasids: Islam is universal religion (arab tribe)Non-arab persiaShiaNon-muslm groups (Jews Christians)They promise if they are put into power they will make Islam a universal religionAbbasid capital: Baghdad (Iraq)oAdvancements in agriculture oCaravan and trading routesoCenter for anti-Umayyad rebellions Golden age of Islamic civilizationoBaghdad: house of wisdom all the intellectuals are pulled into this place oAdvancements in mathematics, sciences, optics medicine, and philosophyCaliph increasingly becomes a figureheadoThis first takes place in Islam they are the first to produce their own indigenous dynasty oLocal Persian dynastiesoRevival of Persian literature and languageoConversion of the Turkic tribes migrating from central AsiaTuco-persian dynasties displace Arab rulersSufismOpposed to the worldiness of the umayyad courtoAscetic movementoConverted by Persian SufisHeterodox- all sorts of beliefs Worshiped a God named Tengri before conversion but when they do convert they just shift the context not the namesoDirect, personal experience of the divine (mysticism)oSuf (wool): poverty, humilityoBeggars bowlTarikats (sufi brotherhoods)oShaykh (leader of the brotherhood)Great Seljuk empire1037-1194“turco-persian”Alp Arslan (sultan or king)
oBattle of manzikert (1071)Fight the byzantine and win Byzantine loose the rest of Anatolia oAnatolia opens to Turkic expansionFrontier societyoCaravansaryoTurkic tribal settlersoPervious Greek/American/Arab inhibitionsoMevlevi SufisoOutlaws, speculators, merchants, Christian monksMongol invasionsNomadic warriors The steppe – nomadic part of AsiaExpand empire out of central Asia into the greatest known empireoTake on and defeat ChinaoTook on Russia and captured the princes and they crush them in some sort of wayoThey look at the Abbasid caliphate 1258They will sac the city of Bagdad and destroy it They bring an end to the Abbasid caliphate They pour molten Gold down the throat of the last caliphMassacre all its inhabitants Because of this the religious decide to more religiousThe major question is why God allowed this to happen One group of Islamic scholar says that the reason why is that they

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