(k)Pennsylvania was thriving(3)New Netherland Becomes New York(a)In 1664, Charles II claimed that since the site of New Netherland lay within the borders of Virginia which were included in the charter, claiming that theland belonged to England(b)The Dutch governor Peter Stuyvesant surrendered without firing a shot(c)The Duke of York (James, brother of Charles II) became proprietor, and renamed it New York(d)James immediately created New Jersey, which he granted to his supporters(e)After 20 years of not having a representative assembly, In 1683 James finally gave New York an assembly which brought New York in line with the other English colonies(4) Conclusion(a)England gained a permanent foothold on America, but still faced extreme competition from France andthe Netherlands(b)The Old and New worlds were linked as they never were before(c)Profits from the fur trade encouraged the French to maintain friendly relations with the Natives(d)The French kept a close eye on their colonies, while England let theirs more or less operate on their own(e)There were highly diverse English colonies from Maine to the Caribbean
(f)What held these colonies together was an overlay of common English institutions of government. By the mid 1680s, all of the colonies had legislatures based on English models.(g)The planting of Dutch, French, and English coloniesended Spain’s monopoly, and also challenged the Native hold on the continent (i)Natives adapted rapidly to changing circumstances(h)There was widespread adoption of slavery, which didn’t exist in England itself. (i)For millions of Africans, the result was forced migration to the New World.
- Summer '16
- History, U.S. History, HIS150, American History To 1877, Thirteen Colonies, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts Bay Colony