Ironically, selfies might actually convey negative aspects of the taker’s personality, however.” said by Nicholas O. Rule, the associate professor in the Psychological Department of University of Toronto. Researchers first ask the participants take selfies of themselves just like what they do for social media, and let experimenters take photos of the participants. Participants would then fill a surveyabout selfies, such as how often do they take selfies and what’s their attitude of selfies, and complete a Narcissistic Personality Inventory to assess their level of narcissism. Finally, participants are asked to rate their selfies, experimenter-taken photos and photos of others, and external raters selected from Amazon would also rate these photos on scales of likability and attractiveness from 1 to 7. Nicholas and his research group found that selfie takers have higher ratings of their photos than non-selfie takers, which imply that selfie takers may be better at expressing themselves due to selfie-taking skills. Besides, selfie takers give higher ratings of their own photos than other raters, which is a clear sign that selfie taking is an indicator of self-favoring bias. Despite that raters cannot observe the difference of narcissism between regular selfie takers and non-selfie takers, selfies are generally perceived as more narcissistic than experimenter-taken photos.