Lawyers practice in a jurisdiction in which the

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lawyer’s practice in a jurisdiction in which the lawyer is admitted to practice.” 104 See comments 13 and 14. Rule 5.5(d) provides two situations in which a lawyer not admitted in the jurisdiction may nonetheless have an office or continuous presence in the jurisdiction. Thus, Rule 5.5(d) operates as an exception to Rule 5.5(b). Rule 5.5(d) (1) applies to the typical in-house counsel who provides legal services to an organization or its affiliates. Rule 5.5(d)(2) permits a lawyer not admitted to practice in a jurisdiction to provide legal services in the jurisdiction when permitted by federal law or by other law of the jurisdiction. For example, Rule 5.5(d)(2) would allow a lawyer who is not admitted in a jurisdiction to move to that jurisdiction and open an office for practice before the Social Security Administration . D. Quality of Life in Law Firms In a 1999 article, Professor Patrick Schiltz presented a disturbing portrait of the quality of life in American law firms. 105 Lawyers suffer from depression, anxiety, alcoholism, drug abuse, divorce, and suicide at rates significantly greater than the population as a whole. 1 06 Job dissatisfaction among lawyers is substantial and growing worse. 107 A RAND study of California lawyers found that only half of the members of the bar would become lawyers if they had to do it over again. 108 ABA surveys of lawyers conducted in 1984 and 1990 showed significant declines in job satisfaction among lawyers at all levels, both partners and associates, in firms of all sizes. 109 Job dissatisfaction varies depending on practice setting and is particularly acute in large firms. 110 Professor Schiltz argues that overwork is the major cause of these pro - blems. Various studies show substantial increases in the number of billable hours expected of attorneys. Fifty years ago associates typically billed 1,400 to 1,600 hours per year. In the mid-1980s, the norm for New York firms had increased to 1,800 hours per year. Today, most associates are expected to bill a minimum of 2,000 hours per year. 111 Professor Schiltz attributes the increase in the amount of work that lawyers do to the pervasive influence of money on the practice of law. Clients, senior partners, junior partners, and senior associates all have financial interests in seeing that those below them work “inhumane hours, year after year.” 112 The impact of excessive work loads has a disproportionately negative effect on women . At a time in their lives when many women wish to consider
starting a family, they are also faced with career demands of increasingly high levels of work and responsibility. 113 African-Americans, Latinos, gays, and lesbians continue to face discrim- ination in the profession. 114 In response to the problem of lack of diversity in the profession, the ABA in 2016 adopted a new section (g ) in Model Rule 8.4 making it professional misconduct for a lawyer to engage in harassment or discrimination on a wide variety of grounds, including race, sex, sexual ori - entation, and gender identity “in conduct related to the practice of law.” The rule provides for exceptions for accepting, declining, or withdrawing from

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