BMS FINAL
Sigelman_Chapter13 (1).ppt

Parenting that fosters aggression this evocative gene

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parenting that fosters aggression This evocative gene-environment correlation effect is evident even when aggression-prone children grow up with adoptive parents rather than with their biological parents because these children bring out negativity in their adoptive parents
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The Adolescent – Antisocial Behavior Other risk factors and protective factors can influence the outcome for a child who is genetically predisposed to be aggressive Prenatal environment Complications during delivery Cultural contexts Subcultural and neighborhood factors School environment
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The Adolescent – Antisocial Behavior Dodge and his colleagues (2003) have attempted to integrate the influences on antisocial behavior into a biopsychosocial model of aggression that recognizes the contributions of biological predisposition, individual psychology, and social or contextual factors
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The Adolescent – Antisocial Behavior Dodge and his colleagues (2008) also proposed a “dynamic cascade” model showing how various influences, playing out over childhood and adolescence, can result in chronic and serious violence in adolescence and beyond Biological factors (genes) and sociocultural context factors (a disadvantaged, violence-prone neighborhood) put certain children at risk from birth Then a chain of causal events plays out: experiences with harsh, inconsistent parenting in early childhood, poor readiness for school, early behavior problems, failure in elementary school (both academically and socially), lack of appropriate parental supervision in early adolescence, and affiliation with antisocial peers
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The Adolescent – Antisocial Behavior Efforts to prevent antisocial behavior should include An emphasis on positive parenting, beginning in infancy or toddlerhood Comprehensive, school-based programs aimed at children at risk The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group intervention project used a multi-pronged approach involving the teaching of social information- processing and social skills, efforts to improve academic skills, and behavior management training for parents Proven effective in reducing antisocial behavior and preventing diagnoses of conduct disorder and related psychiatric disorders
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The Adult – Changes in Moral Reasoning In Kohlberg’s 20-year longitudinal study (Colby et al., 1983), most adults in their 30s still reasoned at the conventional level, although many of them had shifted from stage 3 to stage 4 There is evidence that social-cognitive skills hold up well across the lifespan Most studies find no major age differences in complexity of moral reasoning, at least when relatively educated adults are studied and when the age groups compared have similar levels of education
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The Adult – Kohlberg’s Theory in Perspective Kohlberg’s idea that everyone progresses from preconventional to conventional reasoning is well supported However, the idea that people continue to progress from conventional to postconventional reasoning is not supported It has been charged that Kohlberg’s theory is biased against people who are non-Western, politically conservative, and female and that it slights moral emotion and behavior
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  • Fall '17
  • MarciaGuilliams
  • Lawrence Kohlberg, Kohlberg's stages of moral development

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