employment agency for possible employment. 2. Relief — When a parolee or his family is in dire need of the basic necessities of life such as food, clothing or medicine, the parole office refers the parolee to a social welfare agency, which can extend them relief. 3. Medical Care — It is the function of the parole officer to refer his client in need of medical care, hospitalization, dental services or psychiatric services, to agencies rendering such services free of charge. 4. Public grants — The parole officer should be familiar with laws on public grants such as social security, old age benefits, aids to widows and dependent children, in order that he can refer his clients who are eligible to any of such grants 5. Institutional placements — The supervision program of the parolee may indicate a need for his removal from his parental home and for placement to a foster home. It is the responsibility of the parole officer to explain to the parolee and his family of the need for the said transfer of residence to a foster home. When this is undertaken, the transfer is effected by referral to the proper agency. 6. Legal aid — The parole officer, even when he is a lawyer, should refrain from giving legal advise to his client in need of legal services. It is always a better policy for him to refer the parolee to a legal aid office. Oftentimes legal questions involving common-law- relationship, legal separations, bigamous or adulterous relationship, custody or support of children come up, and the parole officer should know where to refer each case. 7. Educational and vocational guidance — The parole officer is not an expert in educational and vocational matters. He should therefore refer his ward to the proper agency rendering educational or vocational training or apprenticeship. 8. Recreation — Parolees should, as integral part of their adjustment, be given guided recreational activities, otherwise, they will frequent poolrooms, bars and other unwholesome recreational joints. Some communities have group work agencies offering recreational activities. The parolee officer must know how and when to enlist the services of these agencies in connection with the problems of his wards. 132
9. Social agency help - There are several agencies, public and private, that may offer services to parolees. The parole officer should be well acquainted with what those agencies can offer to his wards. Guidance, Counseling and Leadership Techniques These techniques require, that the parole officer must be well versed with the science of human behavior. He should know the motivations, which cause the person to react the way he did under certain situations. He should try to determine what caused his ward to follow a certain cause of action. He should attempt to influence and guide his clients into solving their problems.
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