A national histry and consequent community of

This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 7 pages.

a national histry, and consequent community of recollections; collective pride and humiliation, pleasure and regret, connected with the same incidents in the past…Where the sentiment of nationality exists in any force, there is a prima facie case for uniting all the members of the nationality under the same government…necessary condition of free institutions, that the boundaries of governments should coincide in the main with those of nationalities” 8. Von Treitschke, Politics (1894-96) – based in blood, soil and tradition (German), ethnic nationalism, bound by moral duty not biological, aggressive, fighting a struggle together as a nation, “The State arose in order to make life possible; it endured to make good life possible…State is nothing but the necessary outward form which the inner life of a people bestows upon itself…Genuine patriotism is the consciousness of cooperating with the body-politic, f being rooted in ancestral achievements and of transmitting them to descendants…State is the public force for Offence and Defence…nation is not entirely comprised in the State, but the State protects and embraces the peole’s life, regulating its external aspects on every side…right of arms distinguishes the State…right to determine independently the limits of its power…State is power…its function is only to surround the whole, regulating and protecting it…assurance for the people’s endurance…state is enduring…prepare the foundations for the future” 9. Documents on Social Insurance in Germany
Bourgeois Civilization at Home and Abroad 1. Freud, Civilization and its Discontents (1929): fundamental tensions between civilization and individual – individual quest for freedom and civilizations deman for conformity, creates mild contentment, primitive instincts harmful to community, happiness restricted by laws, perpetual feelings of discontent 2. Spencer, Social Darwinism (1857): application of ideas such as adaptation and survival of the fittest to social thought, society evolving toward increasing freedom for individuals, government intervention should be minimal in social and political life, specifically race and class, “law of organic progress is the law of all progress…exemplified with equal clearness in te evolution of all products of human thought and action; whether concrete or abstract, real or ideal…” 3. Nietzsche, from “Will to Power”: main driving force in humans: achievement, ambition and striving to reach highest position in life 4. Darwin, Origin of Species (1859): foundation of evolutionary biology, natural selection framed modern view of evolution and diminished authority of Bible, how species adapted and evolved over time, species changing by small selections over time, 5. Darwin, Descent of Man (1871): applied theory of evolution to humans, descended from apes, talks about “belief in God has often been advanced as not only the greatest but the most complete of all the distinctions between man and the lower animals…this is a rash argument…” 6. Ferry, Defending Conquest (1883) 7.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture