nguphap_ta_0353

2 mr brown said that in order to finish the report mr

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2. Mr. Brown said that, in order to finish the report, Mr. Adams would have to work all night. Incorrect 2: Janet visited her friend every day while she was on vacation. (Không rõ ñạ i t she ñạ i di n cho Janet hay her friend ) Correct 2: While Janet was on vacation, she visited her friend every day. 40. S d ng V-ing, to + verb ñể m ñầ u m t câu 40.1 S d ng Verb-ing M t V-ing có th ñượ c dùng ñể n i hai câu có cùng ch ng tr thành m t câu b ng cách bi ế n ñộ ng t c a câu th nh t thành d ng V-ing, b ch ng và n i v i câu th hai b ng d u ph y. Ví d : The man jumped out of the boat. He was bitten by a shark. => After jumping out of the boat, the man was bitten by a shark. Khi s d ng lo i câu này c n h ế t s c l ư u ý r ng ch ng c a m nh ñề chính b t bu c ph i là ch ng h p lý c a m nh ñề ph . Khi hai m nh ñề không có cùng ch ng , ng ườ i ta g i ñ ó là tr ườ ng h p ch ng phân t b t h p l . SAI: After jumping out of the boat, the shark bit the man. (Chúng ta ng m hi u là ch ng th t s c a hành ñộ ng nh y kh i thuy n là the man ch không ph i the shark ) ðể ñả m b o không nh m l n, ngay sau m nh ñề verb-ing ta nên ñề c p ngay ñế n danh t làm ch ng cho c hai m nh ñề . Thông th ườ ng có 6 gi i t ñứ ng tr ướ c m t V-ing m ñầ u cho m nh ñề ph , ñ ó là: By (b ng cách, b i), upon, after (sau khi), before (tr ướ c khi), while (trong khi), when (khi). By working a ten-hour day for four days, we can have a long weekend. After preparing the dinner, Pat will read a book. While reviewing for the test, Mary realized that she had forgotten to study the use of participial phrases. L ư u ý r ng: on + ñộ ng t tr ng thái ho c in + ñộ ng t hành ñộ ng thì có th t ươ ng ñươ ng v i when ho c while :
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 108 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng On finding the door ajar, I aroused suspicion. (= when finding) (Khi th y c a hé m , tôi n y sinh m i nghi ng ) In searching for underground deposits of oil, geologist often rely on magnometers. (= while searching) (Trong khi tìm các m d u trong lòng ñấ t, các nhà ñị a ch t th ườ ng d a vào t k ế .) N ế u không có gi i t ñ i tr ướ c, ch có V-ing xu t hi n trong m nh ñề ph thì th i c a câu do th i c a ñộ ng t m nh ñề chính quy ế t ñị nh; 2 hành ñộ ng trong hai m nh ñề th ườ ng x y ra song song cùng lúc: Present: Practicing her swing every day, Trica hopes to get a job as a golf instructor.
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