Typically professional communicators Less immediate feedback something Mass

Typically professional communicators less immediate

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Typically professional communicators
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Less immediate feedback (something Mass comm has in common with Public comm) Ex: You find out if your TV show is a hit by the ratings that come AFTER the show is finished airing Some topics studied: Effects of TV on behavior/attitudes Ex: Effects of violence on TV towards children Role of media in society *Key point: Communication happens at multiple contextual levels!* Conceptualizing Communication (continued) with Models A. Modeling Communication What is a model? Abstract representation of a "real thing" Includes major elements and focuses on certain characteristics Why model communication? To help visualize and organize info clearly (difference between giving directions and actually giving a person a map to be able to see everything visually) To help make predictions about behavior To suggest new ideas for understanding comm. A good model ideally should include: Primary Components of comm. Important Characteristics of comm How everything fits together But, most models limit their focus
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Is this a good model of communication? S > M > R SOURCE > MESSAGE > RECEIVER No, because it doesn't show everything. It makes it seem like it is a one way communication. Etc etc (many more reasons. ____________________________________________________________________ Conceptualizing Communication (continued) A. Primary Components of Communication People (participants) sources and receivers Messages (symbols) Channel / Medium (how do the messages get there? Through a channel / medium) Noise (Radio break-up sound, No-reception phone call; AKA interference ) Can included psychological kinds of noises Feedback Messages are not just sent but received; we are receiving feedback to the messages we send Context / setting B, Important Characteristics of Communication 1. Comm as symbolic activity
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symbols (verbal/non-verbal) are used to exchange meaning Meaning is not actually in the symbol itself, but in people's understanding FIX PARAGRAPH ADJUSTMENTS FROM HERE Meaning is within us and how we take the message. 2. Comm as a Systematic and Cognitive Process Encoding Taking an idea and translating it into a symbol form Decoding Taking a simple message and translating it Transmitting Face to face interaction 3. Comm as a Transactional activity Transaction: An exchange Communication is a sequence of exchanges Interactions have interdependence Within the interaction both are dependent on each other to complete the interaction. One persons response does not make any sense without the other person's first message (or else the first person would be responding to nothing) Process is irreversible The sequence of exchanges is always moving forward (there is no rewind button where you can take back what you say) *Reader work* Linear Models (pg 22) S > M > R
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-This model is missing many things. It is very limited.
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