The clear to wear reference manual published by

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The Clear to Wear reference manual published by Inditex presents detailed information for each substance of limited use. This information includes where the substance can be found, the international or different national regulations, the test methods, acceptable or detection limits, and the ways to avoid or limit the presence of the harmful substance. 9 Eco Safe Eco Safe is a mark of the ICQ group (based in Italy) to be used by companies who believe in adherence to increasingly higher standards of quality and safety. This label is mainly used by the Benetton Group. The Italian ICQ group, founded in 1982, works at international level as a cer- ti fi cation institute for quality and safety of consumer products. The textile division was founded in 1995. ICQ is now part of Underwriter Laboratories, a global independent safety science company with more than a century of expertise inno- vating safety solutions. The Eco Safe mark is applied to all products in the children s range (United Colors of Benetton, Undercolors of Benetton, Sisley Young). The presence of the brand Eco Safe mark on the garment indicates that the products have been designed in compliance with chemical and mechanical safety standards, including the following: Small parts Small parts, such as buttons, zipper pulls, studs and eyelets, present a potential hazard to children if they are not well secured to the garment (choking hazard). Dangerous strings and drawstrings Often clothes have cords and drawstrings that can have either a functional or a purely decorative purpose. On children s clothing, they can become potentially dangerous, causing serious accidents 194 L. Almeida
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(strangulation hazard). Cords and drawstrings are restricted in Europe by the standard EN 14682 (clothing for children up to 14 years old). Carcinogenic dyestuffs (damage to health, including carcinogenic effects). Allergenic dyestuff (possible sensitization, possible dermatitis, itching, redness of skin). Phthalates (possible allergic reactions and/or irritation in case of skin contact, possible harmful effects on the reproductive system, liver or kidney damage or damage to the nervous system). The problems are greater for children, especially younger ones, who have a habit of putting objects in their mouths. Formaldehyde (possible allergic reactions and/or irritation in case of skin con- tact; potentially carcinogenic). Heavy metals (possible allergic reactions and/or irritation in case of skin contact, possible nerve damage, possibly carcinogenic). Benetton s entire network of suppliers is involved in achieving the goal of fi nal consumer safety. Materials, semi- fi nished products, and production phases are sub- jected to strict controls and screening through comprehensive statistical sampling. Benetton and Inditex are just two examples of the efforts made by major retailers and brands to demonstrate to their customers that their products are safe and eco- friendly.
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