Which of the following comparisons of osmolarity within the kidneys is

Which of the following comparisons of osmolarity

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16) Which of the following comparisons of osmolarity within the kidneys is INCORRECT?A) The fluid in the proximal tubule is iso-osmotic with cortical interstitial fluid.B) Osmolarity of the ascending limb of the loop of Henle is greater than that of the descending limb.C) Osmolarity of the descending limb of the loop of Henle is iso-osmotic with the medullary interstitial fluid.D) The osmolarity of plasma in the vasa recta varies with its location in the renal medulla.E) Osmolarity of fluid in the proximal tubule is greater than the osmolarity of fluid in the end of the loop of Henle as it enters the distal tubule.Answer: BDiff: 7 Page Ref: 54317) A long loop of Henle would result in which of the following?ADiff: 5 Page Ref: 54318) The hormone-induced increases in water permeability of the distal tubule and collecting ducts is mediated by a(n) ________.ADiff: 4 Page Ref: 5444
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19) What keeps the capillaries of the vasa recta from dissipating the medullary osmotic gradient?DDiff: 5 Page Ref: 54220) If nothing else is removed from the filtrate once it reaches the late distal tubules, the urine excreted would have which of the following properties?A) devoid of ions and large volumeB) high osmolarity and low volumeC) low osmolarity and low volumeD) low osmolarity and large volumeE) high osmolarity and large volumeAnswer: DDiff: 6 Page Ref: 542
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