deposit very painful Butter can be made yellow by adjusting the feed of the

Deposit very painful butter can be made yellow by

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deposit – very painful Butter can be made yellow by adjusting the feed of the cows o Color is added only during winter season In the summer, cows eat grass, which provides natural color In the winter, cows eat hay, which has no color o The feed given to cows during winter is rich in beta-carotene If you feed chicken beta-carotene, it will naturally color the egg yolk Video 3 Cochineal red – natural food color that comes from Dactylopius coccus insect o Present in salami, Campari, ice cream (only those with a reddish color) o The insect grows on cacti and every so often the insect is picked up, crushed, and the juice is used as a coloring agent It is only the female insects that are used to color because the color is found in the eggs The eggs are dried up and then crushed Video 4 The cochineal red dye is water soluble Some people may be allergic Video 5 Some synthetic colors are restricted or banned Synthetic colors are sometimes called Coal Tar Dyes because initially they were extracted from coal tar
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Certified synthetic colors – its manufacturing process has been checked and it will give what it’s supposed to give Citrus Red #2 is restricted – one can use it in food but under specific conditions o It was used to color skin of oranges – a stamp saying “color added” had to be put on the orange Certain oranges are green, even though they are ripe, because of the high chlorophyll content Video 6 Dr. Ben F. Feingold (1973) – theory that food dyes were associated with hyperactivity in children o Back and forth studies show support and opposition to the theory o Possible that the children in the studies who were given food without dyes were receiving more attention and therefore behaving better Synthetic dyes are found in foods with poor nutritional value Video 7 Yellow #5 (Tartrazine) – only dye that must be indicated by name on a label o Some people suffer from adverse or allergic reactions to it Red #2 (Amaranth) – banned in the U.S. but allowed in Canada Red #40 (Allura Red) – at one time it was allowed in the U.S. but banned in Canada but now it is allowed in both Red dye #3 – investigated as potentially causing cancer in test animals o A chemical is classified as a human carcinogen if it causes cancer in test animals and when people who are exposed to the chemical exhibit a higher cancer rate o High dose animal studies may not reflect human exposure and risk o Male rats exposed to large amounts of red dye #3 had a higher incidence of thyroid tumors o Red dye #3 is used to dye maraschino cherries 14,000 daily serving of fruit cocktails for 70 years – only under this condition that the male rats develop tumors The presence of a chemical does not equate with the presence of risk o One must distinguish between hazard (toxicity) and risk Formaldehyde – embalming agent; known carcinogen; found in apples in very small amounts o
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